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Unformatted text preview: al- Farazdathe lump of dough, properly Tammm b. Ghlib(Ab Firs), famous Arab satirist and panegyrist, died at Bara about 110/728 or 112/730. Born in Yamma(Eastern Arabia) on a date which is uncertain (probably after 20/640), this poet was descended from the sub-tribe of Mudjshi , of the Drimgroup of the Tamm. His father, Ghlib[q.v.], is said to have played some part, in the Bara area, in the conflict between Al andMu wiya; to this fact must be attributed the later idea that al-Farazdaentertained pro- Alidsympathies which, however, are not very apparent in his works. The talent for verse does not seem to have been widespread in his family; however al-Farazda, endowed with a prodigious memory and precocious talent, seems very soon to have made himself known in his tribe by laudatory and epigrammatic compositions in the Bedouin style. The accession of the Umayyad dynasty must have been a decisive factor in the career of the youngpoet, because of the choices to which it limited him. By the bonds of affinity as much as by obligation, al-Farazdawas first led to choose himself protectors in Yamma, then at Bara, amongst people more or less bound to the fortunes of the familyruling in Syria. This attitude is particularly noticeable in the relations he maintained, for example, with the BanBakra, who were secretly flirting with the Alids, though supporting the Umayyads. The satire attributed to al-Farazdaagainst the caliphMu wiya, contrary to what Nallinomaintains, is far from being definitely authentic. Nevertheless circumstances, fortuitous or contrived, must have affected his behaviour occasionally: it is known, for example, that al-Farazda, as a result of some rather obscure proceedings, had to flee from Irand seek refuge in Medina to escape the threat that Ziyd, the governorof Bara, laid upon his life (in 49/669). At Medina the poet was welcomed most warmly by the local authorities, and he remained in this town till 56/675-6; he then returned to Irimmediately after the death of Ziyd to attach himself to the latter's son, Ubayd Allh. In 67/686, the panegyrist confirmed his attachment to the Umayyad branch of the Marwnids which was in power, by celebrating prince Bishr, who had come to Ir, and his brother Abdal- Azz, whose praises he sang in a threnody in 85/704 (Dwn, ed. w, 225 ff.). There is no doubt that under the governorship of al-adjdjdj[q.v.], probably because of the intrigues of his enemy jarr, who was in the good graces of this powerful personage, al-Farazdawas more or less in disgrace. Nevertheless he dedicated a number of laudatory poems to al-adjdjdjand to some members of his family. Perhaps his delicate position in relation to the governorof Irprevented al-Farazdafrom obtaining the protection of the caliphAbd al-Malik and it is to benoted that no ode was addressed by him to this ruler. On the other hand, under noted that no ode was addressed by him to this ruler....
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ARA 101,102 taught by Professor Molouk,gavenpocken during the Spring '08 term at American University of Sharjah.
- Spring '08