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Unformatted text preview: Ḥ assān b. T ̲ H ̲ ābit b. al-Mund ̲ h ̲ ir b. Ḥ arām Of the Ḵ h ̲ azrad ̲ j ̲ tribe of Yat ̲ h ̲ rib (later Medīna), traditionally known as the “poet laureate” of the Prophet, is more correctly the most prominent of several poets who were associated with the rise of Islam , and one who already had an established reputation in the Ḏ j ̲ āhiliyya. When Mu ḥ ammad arrived at Medina, Ḥ assān was of mature age (though probably not yet 60—which is the age given by most authorities including Ibn Is ḥ ā ḳ who relies directly on Ḥ assān's grandson Sa īd—or even 52 or 53 years old as other authorities suggest), and had written panegyrics on the ʿ G ̲ h ̲ assānid and Lak ̲ h ̲ mid princes, visited them in their courts and received gifts from them. Equally uncertain is the date of his death, which is variously given as 40/659 or before that year, 50/669 or 54/673. As the last we hear of Ḥ assān is some time before Alī's assassination, a date ʿ around 40/659 is the most likely. It is not certain exactly when Ḥ assān embraced Islam , although it is stated that his brother Aws was one of the earliest converts and was assigned the Immigrant Ut ʿ ̲ h ̲ mān b. Affān ʿ as his “brother” and guest in Medina, a fact which probably partly accounts for the Umayyad sympathies with which Ḥ assān is credited, and which are represented by (or—in the case of spurious poems—reflected in) the comparatively large number of elegies on Ut ʿ ̲ h ̲ mān (8 out of 32) ascribed to Ḥ assān in the Dīwān and elsewhere. However, Ḥ assān himself had an u ṭ um of his own, was rich and kept such company as Ḳ ays b. al- Ḵ h ̲ a ṭ īm [ q.v. ] the Awsī poet and Sallām b . Mis ̲ h ̲ kam, chief of the Banu 'l-Na īr. In the year 5/627 Ḥ assān figures in the story of the slander against Ā is ʿ ʾ ̲ h ̲ a, when he is said to have been punished for taking part in the slander, to have been attacked and wounded by Ṣ afwān b. al-Mu a ʿ ṭṭ il [ q.v. ], and then reconciled by the prophet and given Sīrīn, an Egyptian slave girl, and other gifts. However, the story (and Ḥ assān's supposed prominent part, which is assigned by certain authorities, including Ibn His ̲ h ̲ ām , to Abd ʿ Allāh b. Ubayy [ q.v. ] rather than to Ḥ assān) received excessive attention from later generations, and should be viewed both as a whole and in detail against the background of friction between the newcomers and the Medinese themselves, both in Medina and in the course of the campaign against the Banu 'l-Mu ṣṭ ali ḳ when the story originated. For an examination of the controversial details see W. Arafat, ʿ A controversial incident in the life of Ḥ...
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- Spring '08
- Poetry, ASSN, ibn, Ibn Abd al Barr, Dwn