Ḥassān b. Thabit EI [1]

Ḥassān b....

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Unformatted text preview: assn b. T H bit b. al-Mund h ir b. arm Of the h azrad j tribe of Yat h rib (later Medna), traditionally known as the poet laureate of the Prophet, is more correctly the most prominent of several poets who were associated with the rise of Islam , and one who already had an established reputation in the j hiliyya. When Mu ammad arrived at Medina, assn was of mature age (though probably not yet 60which is the age given by most authorities including Ibn Is who relies directly on assn's grandson Sa dor even 52 or 53 years old as other authorities suggest), and had written panegyrics on the G h assnid and Lak h mid princes, visited them in their courts and received gifts from them. Equally uncertain is the date of his death, which is variously given as 40/659 or before that year, 50/669 or 54/673. As the last we hear of assn is some time before Al's assassination, a date around 40/659 is the most likely. It is not certain exactly when assn embraced Islam , although it is stated that his brother Aws was one of the earliest converts and was assigned the Immigrant Ut h mn b. Affn as his brother and guest in Medina, a fact which probably partly accounts for the Umayyad sympathies with which assn is credited, and which are represented by (orin the case of spurious poemsreflected in) the comparatively large number of elegies on Ut h mn (8 out of 32) ascribed to assn in the Dwn and elsewhere. However, assn himself had an u um of his own, was rich and kept such company as ays b. al- h a m [ q.v. ] the Aws poet and Sallm b . Mis h kam, chief of the Banu 'l-Na r. In the year 5/627 assn figures in the story of the slander against is h a, when he is said to have been punished for taking part in the slander, to have been attacked and wounded by afwn b. al-Mu a il [ q.v. ], and then reconciled by the prophet and given Srn, an Egyptian slave girl, and other gifts. However, the story (and assn's supposed prominent part, which is assigned by certain authorities, including Ibn His h m , to Abd Allh b. Ubayy [ q.v. ] rather than to assn) received excessive attention from later generations, and should be viewed both as a whole and in detail against the background of friction between the newcomers and the Medinese themselves, both in Medina and in the course of the campaign against the Banu 'l-Mu ali when the story originated. For an examination of the controversial details see W. Arafat, A controversial incident in the life of...
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ARA 101,102 taught by Professor Molouk,gavenpocken during the Spring '08 term at American University of Sharjah.

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Ḥassān b....

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