Notes Week 4 - Martin S Weinberg S321 Anthropological...

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Martin S. Weinberg S321 Anthropological Uniformities and Differences ** On exam** I. (Open-ended question) Anthropology informs sociology in showing: A. How the social organization of sexuality evolved to avoid social disorganization -Control sexuality B. How cultural variability is involved in the sexual norms of preliterate societies -Not as common as assumed C. How attitudes, behaviors, and emotional reactions to sexuality do not always fit together as commonly assumed - II. An Anthropological Understanding of Sexuality . A. Points Out Universals Related to the Social Control of Sexuality 1. Function of Universals: To Avoid Disruptive Competition 2. Basic Social Controls: Universals a. Some Form of Marriage b. Rules against Forced Sex c. Rules about Partner Eligibility (1) Endogamy -Marrying inside community -Prescription of who is eligible within certain boundaries/groups -Increases solidarity of group (positive perspective) -Isolates a group from others (negative perspective) (2) Exogamy

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