11_Personality

11_Personality - Important Notice Concerning Lecture...

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1 ** Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material ** This file includes most, but not all, overhead material presented in lecture (e.g., some material may be altered or addedinlasminute changes) added in last-minute changes). The best use of this file is to print it out and take notes on them during lectures. Æ WARNING: Perfect knowledge of this material will not guarantee an A in the course. That is, important details will 1.1 Introduction be presented in lecture but are not presented in this pdf file. Thus, it is very important that you attend lecture and discussion sections. Topic 11: Personality 1) Introduction & History 2) Research Methods 3) Biological Foundations 4) Brain & Consciousness 5) Sensation & Perception 6) Learning & Reward • What makes us unique as individuals? • What makes us behave and think as d 7) Cognitive Psychology 8) Intelligence & Reasoning 9) Motivation 10) Emotion 11) Personality we do? • Why do people react differently to the same situation? Personality Psychology is the Study of “Individual Differences”
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2 How Do Psychologists Study Personality? You as a person… •Y o u r personality is the relatively consistent patterns of thoughts, motivations, emotions and behavior that characterize you as a unique individual. Traits… • Enduring characteristics or dispositions that occur frequently in various situations. States… • Specific dispositions or feelings triggered by situations Trait=aggressiveness Æ State=hostility Theories of Personality: How Do We Become the Person We Are? Genetics Personality Biology Motivation Culture Environment
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3 Genetic Basis of Personality Freud’s Theory of Personality • Father of clinical psychology & psychotherapy : medical treatment of psychological disorders. •P sychodynamic Theory of Personality Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) ¾ Individual differences based on one’s ability deal with motivational forces of aggression and sexual desire Three Components of Personality Id : animal instincts and unconscious drives, governed by pleasure seeking, id i i libid (l d i ) primary drive is libido (sexual drive), “the child.” Ego : the conscious view of oneself, the part the world sees, “the adult.” Superego: moral code, ideal self of how one should behave, “the parent.”
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4 Freud’s Theory of Personality • Unconscious mind - inaccessible forces of anxiety- producing thoughts and drives Ego Conscious • Preconscious mind - everything that can, with a little effort, be brought into consciousness • Conscious mind - things we are aware of at any given Id Unconscious Preconscious moment Ego must contend with conflicts between id and superego • Ego’s role is to deal with id impulses without violating superego principles—hedonism vs morality Fd d h i dl b Freud’s Theory of Personality • Freud argued that we are motivated only by two things: sex and aggression • Children develop ways to deal with sexual and aggressive urges, and how they deal with them can affect adult personality.
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Shimamura during the Spring '08 term at Berkeley.

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11_Personality - Important Notice Concerning Lecture...

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