10.Emotion - 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 ** Important...

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Unformatted text preview: 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 ** Important Notice Concerning Lecture Material ** This file includes most, but not all, overhead material presented in lecture (e.g., some material may be altered or added in last-minute changes). Also, some figures were not reproducible. The best use of this file is to print it out and take notes on them during lectures. WARNING: Perfect knowledge of this material will not guarantee an A in the course. That is, important details will i h Th i i d il ill be presented in lecture but are not presented in this pdf file. Thus, it is very important that you attend lecture and discussion sections. The Psychology of Emotions Pablo Picasso, Weeping Woman Edward Munch, L'urlo 11 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 How Do Emotions Help Us? 1. Organize our bodies and consciousness toward certain aims 2. Communicate our intentions to others 3. Influence our decisions 4. Aid with memory 5. Capture attention 6. Bond us to others Taxonomy of Emotions Discreet vs. Dimensional Approaches 22 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 What is an emotion? Definition: a multi-component response to an object, person, or event that multiis important to an individual's goals p g Ekman's Criteria Brief Unbidden Cross Species Coherence Automatic Appraisal Quick Onset What is the Difference? Emotion 1. Reaction to a person, situation, or object 2. Last for only a few seconds Mood VS 1. Reason for Mood may be unknown 2. Lasts hours or days 33 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Evolution of Emotion Charles Darwin (1809-1882) (1809- Emotions are evolved traits that serve to solve problems Offspring are vulnerable Humans are hierarchical Fragile Monogamy Cooperation & Coordination Conflict Reconciliation Experiencing Emotion JamesJames-Lange Theory of Emotion Stimulus Perception P ti Physiological Ph i l i l Reaction Emotion E i 44 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Facial Feedback Response: Support for James Lange Theory Directions: 1. Wrinkle your nose 2. Raise your upper lip 3. Open your mouth and stick out your tongue What emotion is this? DISGUST! Experiencing Emotion CannonCannon-Bard Theory of Emotion Stimulus Perception Physiological Reaction Best Supported Theory! Emotion 55 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Experiencing Emotion Two Factor Theory "Suproxin Experiment" Suproxin Experiment Schachter and Singer "Suspension Bridge Experiment" p g p Dutton and Aron Expression of Emotion Ekman Study Basic facial expressions (happy, anger, fear, disgust, surprise, sad) are universal. universal. Cultures differ in "display rules" Gender Differences 66 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Expressions of Emotion Papa New Guinea Show me what your face would look like if you y were about to fight. Show me what your face would look like if you y learned your child died. Show me what your face would look like if you o met friends. Expression of Emotion Voice and Touch Voice: In emotional states muscles around lungs tighten, reducing flow to larynx Laughter Touch: Touch Communicates Emotion (Hernstein, Ketlner, & Apps 2005) 77 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Emotions and the Body Autonomic Nervous System The Physiology of Emotion Heart rate Skin Conductance (sweat) Respiration Emotions and the Brain The Amgydala: "The Unconcious Emotional Computer" y pp Primary Appraisal: Automatic evaluation of events in relation to goals and concerns Involved in fear conditioning 88 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Emotions and the Brain Damage to the Amygdala "Kluver-Bucy Syndrome" "Kluver Abnormal tameness (loss of fear response) "Psychic Blindness"--object recognition deficits Blindness"--object Orality Hypersexuality Emotions in the Brain Orbitofrontal Cortex Involved in Decision-making Important for Emotion Regulation 99 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Emotions and the Brain Damage to the Orbitofrontal Cortex Phineas Gage During a blast a metal rod punctured his skull He survived and seemed perfectly normal except for... for Massive changes in his personality and ability to regulate his emotions Positive Emotions Positive Emotionality Nun study Amount of positive emotion predicts significant increases in longevity 10 10 10. Emotion Psy 1, Spring 2008 Positive Emotions Broaden and Build Theory Positive emotions serve an evolutionary purpose purpose... They expand cognition and behavioral tendencies 1. Increase attention to "the big picture" 2. Greater number of action urges 3. Increase inclusive social thinking 4. Reduces negative effects of stress 11 11 ...
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