l3_Social - Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008...

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Topic 13: Social Psychology 1) Introduction & History 2) Research Methods 3) Biological Foundations 4) Brain & Consciousness nsation & Perception 5) Sensation & Perception 6) Learning & Reward 7) Cognitive Psychology 8) Intelligence & Reasoning 9) Motivation 10) Emotion 11) Personality 12) Psychotherapy & Pathology Social Cognition: How do we perceive ourselves and others? ttitude Formation: ow do Social Psychology is the Study Attitude Formation: How do we form beliefs and attitudes about other people? roup Dynamics: ow do our of Behavior in Groups and Interpersonal Relationships Group Dynamics: How do our behaviors change in different group settings? Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Cognition: How Do We Perceive l d O t h ? Ourselves and Others? • Attributing beliefs about others based on thoughts and expectations • A Social Problem: Based on limited information, we make inferences about people. .. which may or may not be correct. ¾ First impressions! Attractive…? Friendly…? High status…? Weird…? iases Forming Impressions Biases in Forming Impressions ¾ Attractiveness bias Attractive people are viewed as more intelligent, competent, ciable than less attractive people sociable than less attractive people. What is the basis of attractiveness? Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Attractiveness & Beauty • What determines cial attractiveness? facial attractiveness? Are there universals? Unattractive Attractive Average Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Cognition: How Do We Perceive l d O t h ? Ourselves and Others? • Attributing beliefs about others based on thoughts and expectations • A Social Problem: Based on limited information, we make inferences about people. .. which may or may not be correct. ¾ First impressions! Attractive…? Friendly…? High status…? Weird…? iases Forming Impressions Biases in Forming Impressions ¾ Attractiveness bias Attractive people are viewed as more intelligent, competent, ciable than less attractive people sociable than less attractive people. ¾ Person schema bias Expectations about what a person will be like influences our opinions Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Person Schema Bias: Quick Impressions Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993 • Harvard students shown 30-sec video clip f rd t tdn t iin l tr of a graduate student giving a lecture ¾ Students rated lecturer on competency, confidence, acceptance ¾ No sound, no verbal content ¾ Students ratings highly correlated (.76) with end-of-semester ratings! • Replication study with high school teachers igh correlation with 6 c clip ¾ High correlation with 6-sec clip Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Schema Bias: Social Expectations • Kelly (1950): MIT class read biography of a guest teacher prior to class. .. “People who know him consider him to be a very _____ (warm or cold ) person, industrious, critical, practical, and determined.” Half students read warm ” other half read cold • Afterwards students rated lecturer (1= very positive)
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