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l3_Social - Topic 13 Social Psychology Psy 1 Spring 2008...

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d Topic 13: Social Psychology 1) Introduction & History 2) Research Methods 3) Biological Foundations 4) Brain & Consciousness 5) Sensation & Perception 6) Learning & Reward 7) Cognitive Psychology 8) Intelligence & Reasoning 9) Motivation 10) Emotion 11) Personality 12) Psychotherapy & Pathology Social Cognition: How do we perceive ourselves and others? Attitude Formation: How do Social Psychology is the Study How do we form beliefs and attitudes about other people? Group Dynamics: How do our of Behavior in Groups and Interpersonal Relationships How do our behaviors change in different group settings? Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Cognition: How Do We Perceive O l d Oth ? Ourselves and Others? Attributing beliefs about others based on thoughts and expectations A S i l P bl B d li i d i f i k A Social Problem: Based on limited information, we make inferences about people... which may or may not be correct. ¾ First impressions! Attractive…? Friendly…? High status…? Weird…? Biases in Forming Impressions ¾ Attractiveness bias Attractive people are viewed as more intelligent, competent, sociable than less attractive people sociable than less attractive people. What is the basis of attractiveness? Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Attractiveness & Beauty • What determines facial attractiveness? facial attractiveness? Are there universals? Unattractive Attractive Average Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Cognition: How Do We Perceive O l d Oth ? Ourselves and Others? Attributing beliefs about others based on thoughts and expectations A S i l P bl B d li i d i f i k A Social Problem: Based on limited information, we make inferences about people... which may or may not be correct. ¾ First impressions! Attractive…? Friendly…? High status…? Weird…? Biases in Forming Impressions ¾ Attractiveness bias Attractive people are viewed as more intelligent, competent, sociable than less attractive people sociable than less attractive people. ¾ Person schema bias Expectations about what a person will be like influences our opinions Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Person Schema Bias: Quick Impressions Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993 Harvard students shown 30-sec video clip f r d t t d nt i in l t r of a graduate student giving a lecture ¾ Students rated lecturer on competency, confidence, acceptance ¾ No sound, no verbal content ¾ Students ratings highly correlated (.76) with end-of-semester ratings! Replication study with high school teachers ¾ High correlation with 6 sec clip High correlation with 6-sec clip Topic 13: Social Psychology Psy 1, Spring 2008
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Social Schema Bias: Social Expectations Kelly (1950): MIT class read biography of a guest teacher prior to class... “People who know him consider him to be a very _____ ( ld) i d i i i l i l d (warm or cold ) person, industrious, critical, practical, and determined.” H lf d d Half students read warm ” other half read cold Afterwards students rated lecturer (1= very positive)
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