Section 19. (1) Excessive fines shall not be imposed,nor cruel, degrading or inhuman punishmentinflicted. Neither shall death penalty be imposed,unless, for compelling reasons involving heinouscrimes, the Congress hereafter provides for it. Anydeath penalty already imposed shall be reduced toreclusion perpetua.(2) The employment of physical, psychological, ordegrading punishment against any prisoner ordetainee, or theuse of substandard or inadequatepenal facilities under subhuman conditions shall bedealt with by law.1.When is a penalty “cruel, degrading, orinhuman”?