Chapter 5 Outline

Chapter 5 Outline - Chapter 5 Outline A.P. U.S. History...

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Chapter 5 Outline A.P. U.S. History Brian Gawlak I. Introduction (Wars for Independence, 1764-1783)(pg. 151) A. “The Treaty of 1763 forced Spain and Great Britain to reassess their North American colonies. Both nations had new kings, as Charles III took Spain’s throne in 1759 and George III became the British Monarch in 1760.”(pg 151) B. “The Seven Years’ War marked Britain’s ascendancy to world power, but resulted in a national debt of 130 million pounds.”(pg 151) C. “Taxation without representation” began in America, which outraged the American people. 1. In 1764, the American people began to petition, riot, boycott British goods, and destroy tea in defiance to George III and parliament after British troops are sent to America. 2. “Tories” was the name for those who remained loyal Britain. 3. “Whigs” was the name for those who rebelled against British rule. II. Realignments in the Spanish Borderlands(pg. 153-154) A. “The peace of 1763 required Spain to withdraw from Florida, assume the government of Louisiana, and rethink its defenses in Texas and New Mexico.”(pg 153) because of the rise of British power and of the British population. 1. Spain’s main focus was to protect its two extremely rich silver mines from Britain. 2. “Spain ordered all of its subjects to leave Florida when Britain took control.”(pg 153) Britain had control of Florida for twenty years and separated it into to administrative districts: East Florida and West Florida. 3. The first Spanish governor in Louisiana, which had originally been a French colony but was deserted by the French government, was Antonio de Ulloa in 1776. “His mission was to pull Louisiana under Spanish mercantilism.”(pg 153) a. Louisiana became independent for one year until Alexander O’Reilly regained the state in 1769 with 2,000 troops. b. O’Reilly ended French rule over Louisiana and raised the Spanish flag in the capital. c. St. Louis, which was established in 1764, flourished as a trading post with the Native Americans in that region. B. Spain lowered defense in New Mexico and Spain with the regaining of Louisiana, resulting in many Spanish deaths from Indian raids and attacks. 1. “From 1766 to 1768, the Marques de Rubi, a high-level military official from Spain inspected the fortifications and missions of
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the southwest.” The people in the forts and missions and the places themselves were in terrible condition. 2. A cordon, a line of forts, from the Gulf of California to the Gulf of Mexico was formed in order to protect Mexico III. The British Colonies Resist Imperial Reform(pg 154-164) A. “In Britain’s colonies, which experienced few restrictions before 1763, trouble began when George III appointed George Grenville as first minister, with responsibility for solving the debt crisis. Grenville decided that Americans should pay more taxes…”(pg 154) This led the Americans to the brink of a revolution, for they felt this new rule completely unfair. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2008 for the course HIST 21 taught by Professor Spear during the Fall '07 term at Furman.

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Chapter 5 Outline - Chapter 5 Outline A.P. U.S. History...

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