Chapter 12 Outline

Chapter 12 Outline - Chapter 12 Review Sheet A.P U.S...

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Chapter 12 Review Sheet A.P. U.S. Comprehensive Test Review Brian Gawlak Key Terms: 1. Texas – claimed its independence from Mexico in 1836 after defeating Santa Anna 2. Rio Grande – new border between Texas and Mexico, designated by President James K. Polk (used to be at the Nueces River) 3. “Bear Flag Rebellion” – an armed struggle by American settlers against the Mexican government; supported by John C. Fremont 4. Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott – American generals in the Mexican War, which ended in early 1848, who led a series of victories in Mexico in 1846- 1847; the Whig nominee for president in the election of 1848 (won the election, 12 th president) 5. Colonel Stephen Kearney – led American troops to take Santa Fe in New Mexico with no casualties in late summer in 1846 6. California and New Mexico – taken by American in the Mexican War 7. David Wilmot – a Pennsylvania Democrat in favor of the war and author of the Wilmot Proviso 8. “Proviso” – a condition 9. Wilmot Proviso – declared that slavery could not be established in any territory the United States might win from Mexico as a result of the war; did not pass 10. Henry David Thoreau – author of “On Civil Disobedience” and “Walden” among other works; against the Mexican War 11. Nicholas Trist – peace commissioner for the U.S. in the war with Mexico, signed a treaty in Guadelupe Hidalgo that brought negotiations to an end in February 1848; Mexico singed the treaty and ended the war in May 12. Lewis Cass – the Democratic nominee for president, from Michigan, in the election of 1848 13. Martin Van Buren – the Anti-slavery Democrat’s nominee for president in the election of 1848 14. Antislavery “Conscience Whigs” – supported Martin Van Buren in the election of 1848 15. Free Soil Party – lead by men such as Charles Francis Adams and Charles Sumner who denounced slavery and its defenders; a new party formed for the election of 1848 16. Technology/Transportation – led farmers to specialize in one crop 17. Riverboats – became popular in the 1850’s 18.
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