Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 The First Americans: 1492 70 million...

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Chapter 1 The First Americans: 1492 – 70 million Native Americans lived in N. and S. America - Crossed the Siberian land bridge 40,000-14,000 years ago - Mexican, Mayan, Algonquian, Iroquois - Mayan: build pyramids, temples - Mexican/Aztecs: built Teotihuacán - Mounds were used for burial and as temples. - No private ownership. Women farmed, men cleared land, hunted, and protected. Shamans – religious leaders Sachems – heads of kinship, assigned fields for planting, decided where to hunt, managed trade/diplomacy, judged whether to go to war. Europeans: - Believed in private ownership, men “dominated society” Feme covert – “covered woman”, could not own or manage property, make a contract, write a will, have custody of children, own a buisiness, or sue in court without her husband’s permission Feme sole – unmarried woman, not subject to the restrictions of a married woman. European imports: black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, ginger, other spices, silk, cotton cloth, perfumes, rubber, ivory, slaves, and precious gems. European exports: silver, gold, woolen cloth, furs, leather, fruit, wheat, sugar. Dhows – boats with triangular sails 1420 – Prince Henry of Portugal sends out explorers to (1) increase territory, (2) benefit economically, (3) to reach Asia, and (4) to spread Christianity and combat Islam.
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2008 for the course HIST 21 taught by Professor Spear during the Fall '07 term at Furman.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 The First Americans: 1492 70 million...

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