Test Outline 1

Test Outline 1 - Religion-12 Test 1 Study Guide Outline...

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Religion-12 Test 1 Study Guide Outline David McHugh Monotheism – belief in one personal, transcendent Creator God as opposed to belief in many Gods. Ex. Judaism, Christianity, Islam Polytheism – Recognition and worship of more than one god; conceives of sacred power as being manifested in many diverse forms. Genetic Fallacy – Logical error of judging the nature, value, or truth of a religion based on a description or analysis of its origin or earliest expression. Ex. Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx’s definition of religion as a “childhood neurosis” or “the opium of the people,” respectively. Theology – comes from the Greek logos (“speech” or “inquiry”) concerning theos (god/gods). Theology as a science must (1) not have limits on who can participate in the examination, (2) not propose solutions based on privileged beliefs/presuppositions, and (3) treat all claims as criticizable hypotheses Functionalism – Method applied to the study of religion that is not interested in the history or evolution of religions but rather focuses on how religion functions in a particular social structure or cultural context, such as what roles a particular religious ritual plays in the social life of a tribe. Note : a purely functional definition of religion is inadequate. “Substantive” = what religion is ; “Functional” = what religion does . Phenomenology – comes from the Greek phainomenon (“that which appears”). It is a method of studying religion for which the goal is to re-experience a certain religious phenomenon’s character or structure. It is a study of the structures or forms of religion as manifested in different cultures and temporal periods. Emphasizes “epoche.” Homo Religious – Livingston: humans are a “religious animal”; religion is a universal human phenomenon; there are no modern societies without religious beliefs and practices. Epoche – from the Greek epecho (“I hold back”). Refers to the idea of suspension of judgment when studying religion, especially in the phenomenological approach. Putting aside one’s presuppositions and biased beliefs for the sake of studying religion objectively. Eschatology
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Test Outline 1 - Religion-12 Test 1 Study Guide Outline...

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