Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 KEY TERMS: 1. Levies 2....

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Chapter 5 KEY TERMS: 1. Levies – 2. Loyalists/Tories vs. Whigs – “Tories” was the name for those who remained loyal to Britain. “Whigs” was the name for those who rebelled against British rule. 3. Mexican Silver – Spain’s main focus was to protect its two extremely rich silver mines from Britain. 4. Presidios – 5. George Grenville – “In Britain’s colonies, which experienced few restrictions before 1763, trouble began when George III appointed George Grenville as first minister, with responsibility for solving the debt crisis. Grenville decided that Americans should pay more taxes…”(pg 154) This led the Americans to the brink of a revolution, for they felt this new rule completely unfair. 6. Sugar Act (1764) – “initiated a new policy of charging duties primarily to raise revenue rather than to regulate trade.” 7. Currency Act (1764) – made it forbidden for the colonies to issue paper money, hit the colonies even harder because it was during a depression. 8. Stamp Act (1765) – “required individuals to purchase stamps for official documents and published papers.” 9. Patrick Henry – in the House of Burgesses, introduced fourteen resolves against the Stamp Act. 10. Stamp Act Congress (1765) – 11. Loyal Nine – The anti-Stamp Act riots began in Boston on August 14, 1765 when the Loyal Nine organized a demonstration to hang Andrew Oliver, the stamp collector for Massachusetts. 12. Sons/Daughters of Liberty – The men who led the riots against the Stamp Act, mostly middle-class men, called themselves Sons of Liberty. The riots succeeded in 1766 with the repeal of the Stamp Act by Parliament. 13. North Carolina Regulators – Declaratory Act (1766) – stated that Britain still had power to tax the colonies. 14. Townshend Revenue Act (1767) – made by the British Chancellor of the Exchequer Charles Townshend, put duties on tea, glass, paper, and paint, amounting to about 40,000 pounds a year. 15. New York Restraining Act (1767) – 16. John Dickenson – a Philadelphia lawyer and owner of a Delaware plantation, began publishing his Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania in December 1767 (fully published in 1768) against the Townshend Act. He believed that only
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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5 KEY TERMS: 1. Levies 2....

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