Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy I. Distinctiveness...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy I. Distinctiveness of the American bureaucracy A. Constitutional system and traditions 1. Supervision shared 2. A federalist structure shares functions 3. Adversary culture leads to defense of rights and lawsuits B. Scope of bureaucracy 1. Little public ownership of industry in the United States 2. High degree of regulation in the United States of private industries II. The growth of the bureaucracy A. The early controversies 1. Senate consent to removal of officials is challenged by supporters of a strong president 2. President is given sole removal power but Congress funds and investigates B. The appointment of officials 1. Officials affect how laws are interpreted, the tone of their administration, and their effectiveness 2. Use of patronage in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to reward supporters 3. Civil War a watershed in bureaucratic growth; showed the weakness of federal government C. A service role 1. 1861-1901: shift in role from regulation to service 2. Reflects desire for limited government, laissez-faire beliefs, and the Constitution's silence D. A change in role 1. Depression and World War II lead to a role of government activism 2. Introduction of heavy income taxes supports a large bureaucracy III. The federal bureaucracy today A. Direct and indirect growth 1. Modest increase in the number of government employees 2. Indirect increase through the use of private contractors much greater B. Growth in discretionary authority 1. Delegation of undefined authority by Congress 2. Primary areas of delegation a. Subsidies to groups b. Grant-in-aid programs c. Enforcement of regulations C. Factors explaining behavior of officials 1. Recruitment and retention a. The competitive service: most bureaucrats compete for jobs through OPM 1. Appointment by merit based on a written exam 2. Decreased to less than 54 percent of federal government work force b. The excepted service: most are appointed by other agencies on the basis of qualifications approved by OPM 1. Fastest growing sector of federal government employment 2. Examples: Postal Service employees and FBI agents 3. But president can also appoint employees: presidential appointments, Schedule C jobs, and NEA jobs 4. Pendleton Act (1883): transferred basis of government jobs from patronage to
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 3

Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy I. Distinctiveness...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online