Official Final Exam Review Sheet

Official Final Exam Review Sheet - Final Exam Review Sheet...

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Final Exam Review Sheet Old Testament Survey – 06/13/05 Brian Gawlak I.D. Terms : 1. Martin Noth – takes the view that there was one editor of the historical book known as the “Deuteronomist”. Observed the theme of the Deuteronomic Theology in the Historical books (Deuteronomy-Esther) and theorized that this means that it was edited by a single person. His theory is known as Deuteronomistic History and proclaims a late date such as 650 BC. 2. Frank Moore Cross – took part of the theory from Martin Noth and said that he observed a different writing style in the pre-exile books versus the post- exile books. He held that there was a theme of .Deuteronomic theology, yet there were two editors (one pre-exile and one post-exile) and not one editor. 3. Tetrateuch – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers. This cuts off Deuteronomy because of Martin Noth’s theory that includes Deuteronomy in the Historical Books. 4. Former Prophets – includes Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. Prophets deal with looking at the covenants of the past and interpreting their significance for the present and the future. The Former Prophets narrate the nation’s reaction to the covenant throughout its history. These books present the history of Israel from a prophetic view. They are called “Former Prophets” because they relate the early history of prophecy and write the national history in light of theological and prophetical interests. (p.160 of Encountering the O.T.) 5. Deuteronomistic History – theory from Martin Noth that says Deuteronomy through Esther were edited by one person in a late date such as 650 BC because of the theme of Deuteronomic Theology in all these books. 6. Deuteronomic Theology – Taken from Deuteronomy 28, that if Israel is faithful and obeys God they will be blessed. If they disobey God, they will be cursed. 7. Jewish Canon – puts Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings into a category called Former Prophets. Jewish tradition credits prophets for the composition of some of these books (Samuel for Judges and Jeremiah for I Kings.) 8. Christian Canon – This is comprised of the Pentateuch (Gen.-Deut.), historical books (ex. Joshua), poetical books (ex. Psalms), and prophetical books (ex. Ezekiel). 9. Allegory – This is what we tend to do with O.T. stories and should be cautious about doing. We “allegorize” stories that we hear in order to make them directly apply to us today. Sorry, but not every story is about you. 10. Holy War – The foundations of this are laid in Deuteronomy 20. It brings forth the idea of war as a spiritual enterprise, which is mandated by God for a specific purpose. In this, God tells Israel to destroy the city and kill everything that breathes, which brings up a common point of struggle in how we view God. There are many rules, such as: 1. No standing army (all volunteer) 2. No pay for soldiers 3. No personal spoil/plunder 4. Only used for conquest or defense of Promised Land 5. Only at God’s call does it take place 6. That call
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comes through a prophet. 7. YHWH does all the real fighting. 8. It is a
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Official Final Exam Review Sheet - Final Exam Review Sheet...

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