Quarter 4 Exam Review Sheet
Brett Beatty, Brian Cheney, Brian Gawlak, David McHugh, Alan Olson, David Swanson, Kevin Vinton
– found in the book of Chronicles. It traces history from Adam to
David to people of his day. The author demonstrated a national identity
reaching back across the tragedy of exile. The lists demonstrate a continuity
between generations. The readers could believe that God's promises hold for
them just like their ancestors. Also it gives an important background for the
genealogies in Matthew and Luke.
- The Persian Empire is able to finally overthrow the Babylonians.
This is significant because now the Persians controlled the Israelite nation.
God uses the Persians as a tool to deliver the Israelites from Babylonian
captivity and send them back to Israel.
- Edict of Cyrus signaled the end of the exile, allowed the Jews to
return to their homeland, and showed Cyrus' support for rebuilding the temple.
Showed that God is in control and uses Cyrus to send the Jews home again.
The Persians also wanted to appease the gods that they had conquered and
thus sent the Israelites home to not upset "God".
– He was the most wicked of the Jewish kings, a very evil man.
He later repented in his life, was shown mercy and restored.
This is an
encouragement for the people in Chronicles, because they knew what the
problem was—evil and sin, but they now need to know how to fix it.
gives them hope and encouragement.
– He was a priest, known also for rebuilding the temple.
was traced back to Aaron, brother of Moses.
He led the second major return
to Israel (458 BC), and he had a major ministry there.
He was a student and
teacher of the law, guardian of the Torah.
– He was an exiled Jew who had risen to high office in the Persian
He was cupbearer to King Artaxerxes I, who led a group of exiles
back to Judah.
He is also largely associated with rebuilding the walls of
Jerusalem, and ironically Artaxerxes permitted him to do this, providing
support and protection as he did.
– Closely related to the rebuilding of the temple (as opposed to
Nehemiah who rebuilt the walls). Led a group of Israelites back from the
– This is an important piece of Hebrew poetry.
Antithetic parallelism is when two lines say the opposite thing. (ex: The
memory of the righteous will be a blessing, but the name of the wicked will
– This is similar to antithetic, but instead of being
opposites, they are very similar. (ex: The heavens declare the glory of God;
the skies proclaim the work of his hands.)
– A chiasm is a prominent literary feature of Hebrew poetry which is
characterized by certain lines or certain sections of a literary work, especially
poems, have their themes mirrored by a line or section in the opposite part of