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Rel-11 outline4

Rel-11 outline4 - Quarter 4 Exam Review Sheet Bible 11...

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Quarter 4 Exam Review Sheet Bible 11 Brett Beatty, Brian Cheney, Brian Gawlak, David McHugh, Alan Olson, David Swanson, Kevin Vinton ID Terms: 1. Genealogy – found in the book of Chronicles. It traces history from Adam to David to people of his day. The author demonstrated a national identity reaching back across the tragedy of exile. The lists demonstrate a continuity between generations. The readers could believe that God's promises hold for them just like their ancestors. Also it gives an important background for the genealogies in Matthew and Luke. 2. 539 B.C. - The Persian Empire is able to finally overthrow the Babylonians. This is significant because now the Persians controlled the Israelite nation. God uses the Persians as a tool to deliver the Israelites from Babylonian captivity and send them back to Israel. 3. 538 B.C. - Edict of Cyrus signaled the end of the exile, allowed the Jews to return to their homeland, and showed Cyrus' support for rebuilding the temple. Showed that God is in control and uses Cyrus to send the Jews home again. The Persians also wanted to appease the gods that they had conquered and thus sent the Israelites home to not upset "God". 4. Manasseh – He was the most wicked of the Jewish kings, a very evil man. He later repented in his life, was shown mercy and restored. This is an encouragement for the people in Chronicles, because they knew what the problem was—evil and sin, but they now need to know how to fix it. This gives them hope and encouragement. 5. Ezra – He was a priest, known also for rebuilding the temple. His lineage was traced back to Aaron, brother of Moses. He led the second major return to Israel (458 BC), and he had a major ministry there. He was a student and teacher of the law, guardian of the Torah. 6. Nehemiah – He was an exiled Jew who had risen to high office in the Persian Empire. He was cupbearer to King Artaxerxes I, who led a group of exiles back to Judah. He is also largely associated with rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem, and ironically Artaxerxes permitted him to do this, providing support and protection as he did. 7. Zerubbabel – Closely related to the rebuilding of the temple (as opposed to Nehemiah who rebuilt the walls). Led a group of Israelites back from the exile. 8. Antithetic parallelism – This is an important piece of Hebrew poetry. Antithetic parallelism is when two lines say the opposite thing. (ex: The memory of the righteous will be a blessing, but the name of the wicked will rot.) 9. Synonymous parallelism – This is similar to antithetic, but instead of being opposites, they are very similar. (ex: The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands.) 10. Chiasm – A chiasm is a prominent literary feature of Hebrew poetry which is characterized by certain lines or certain sections of a literary work, especially poems, have their themes mirrored by a line or section in the opposite part of
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the work. An example of the structure of a chiasm could be: A, B, C, C’, B’, A’. A scriptural example of a chiasm is Psalm 8.
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