Chapter 8 Outline

Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Outline David McHugh I....

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Chapter 8 Outline David McHugh I. Intro: The New Republic Faces a New Century (1800-1814) A. “For the Federalists, the growing Republican opposition warned that the evils of democracy and anarchy stood on the doorstep. For the Republicans, the Alien and Sedition Acts and Federalist repression of the whiskey rebels and John Fries underscored the need for change.” (p. 251) II. Religion in American Society A. Jefferson’s government promised low taxes, small bureaucracy, minimal government interference, and religious freedom. B. The Shakers began to emerge as another religious sect. C. The Second Great Awakening was a series of revivals mainly started by the national Methodist conference in 1800, it lasted into the 1830s. 1. Numerous volunteer organizations and charities emerged, including the first female society to provide necessities to poor people. 2. Evangelicalism also emerged, the belief that Christians must take the message of their salvation to others. Clergy were concerned that the people on the frontier were mainly unchurched. (p 253 ***FIG) 3. Millennialism – the belief that the millennium (Christ’s second coming) was at hand. 4. The “great western revivals” from 1800-1815 resulted from circuit revivalist preachers who traveled throughout the frontier. These church gatherings were often the first social organizations in the communities. 5. The Blacks in the Southern churches were viewed as equals in spirit only. D. A variety of sects developed in the church around 1800, including the Shakers, the Society of the Public Universal Friend, and the Universalists. 1. The Shakers – officially called the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Coming. Mother Ann Lee believed that she was the embodiment of Christ’s Second Coming. Shakers believed in salvation by confession of sin, total equality, pacifism, and giving to the poor. 2. The Society of the Public Universal Friend – founded by Jemima Wilkinson of Rhode Island, who believed she had died and had risen. Similar to the Shakers in doctrine. Established colonies at Lake Seneca NY and then at Keuka Lake (NY?). 3. Universalists – rejected the Calvinistic belief that only the “elect” are saved, believed that everyone could be saved. John Murray had established the American Universalist Church in 1779. E. Native American tribes, including the Iroquois, Shawnees, Creeks, and Cherokees began to have prophets who warned of coming doom unless the Indians changed their ways.
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1. Handsome Lake of the Senecas (Iroquois) told his people to stop drinking alcohol and to stop practicing witchcraft. He supported the Indians adopting the English way of farming and land ownership. 2. Tenskwatawa, another Seneca prophet, took a more resistant viewpoint towards white settlers. III.
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2008 for the course HIST 21 taught by Professor Spear during the Fall '07 term at Furman.

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Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Outline David McHugh I....

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