Chapter 3

Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 KEY TERMS: Mary White Rowlandson - a...

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Chapter 3 KEY TERMS: Mary White Rowlandson - a minister's wife who was captured by the Narragansetts in feb of 1676 Metacom (King Philip) – Algonquian Indian who led an uprising against the colonists (1675-1680) in New England, destroyed 12 towns. Bacon’s Rebellion (1675-1676) – result of free landless men in the Chesapeake Northern Economy (as Trade Networks) - since the land was not good for farming, they needed to find another way of income. Big ports include New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. Traded fish, wood, and furs Southern Economy (as Staple Crops) - good farm land led to the discovery of important crops such as tobacco (south/chesapeake), sugar (west indies), and rice (Carolinas) Half-Way Covenant - allowed people to become members of the church without converting to Christianity, only if they were baptized as infants. Quakers – also called the Society of Friends, pacifist group, a radical protestant sect born in the turmoil of the english civil war Baptists – objected to infant baptism practiced by the Puritans, opposed the half-way covenant Mary Dyer - Quaker missionary that was hanged by the Puritans after returning from banishment Praying towns – early reservations, to force Indians to adopt English customs and religion, also where Indians went when they had no land left Metacom's War - a revolution led by Metacom and the Algonquian Indians in NE, led to the destruction of 12 towns Nathaniel Bacon - led the landless freemen in Bacon's Rebellion William Penn - a quaker who was granted a charter because of his outstanding debt owed to his father, founded Pennsylvania, tolerated all religions and people groups because he was eager to sell land to whoever wanted it Pacifism – a central belief adopted by the Quakers, did not recognize English authority because in their view all men are equal Privy Council – in 1685 and 1686 consented to form the Dominion of New England Edmund Andros – governor-general who hurt the Mass. Puritans. He levied taxes without representative approval, restricted power of town meetings, mandated religious toleration, confiscated a Boston church for use by Anglicans, enforced the Navigation Acts, took increasing control over the land and the colony. ***Undercut the Puritan notion of a covenanted colony Revolutions of 1689: Massachussetts – arrested Andros, called England's taxation and expropriation a "popish plot", Massachussetts charter (1691) resulted
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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 KEY TERMS: Mary White Rowlandson - a...

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