Unformatted text preview: Organizational Structures Organizational Structures A vertical structure is the hierarchy in which authority is emplaced within an organization, and at which level of authority decisions are made (Bateman & Snell, 2004, p. 6). A horizontal structure represents the different specialized departments within an organization and how they interrelate with the mission and one other. These specialized departments are divided into the line department, which deals with the end state goods, or services the organization produces. The staff department deals with the processes that allows a business to function, such as accounting and human resources (2004, p. 19). Toyota Chairman: Hiroshi Okuda has been a member of the Board of Toyota Motor Corporation since 1982, and has been the Chairman of the Board since 1999. Fujio Cho, President. Born in 1937 - not long after Toyota itself - Fujio Cho helped to speed Toyota's decision-making but cutting the number of board members in half, appointing three non-Japanese managing officers, and generally streamlining the management structure. Each Manufacturing Plant has One (1) President approx six (6) Vice-Presidents, Ten (10) General Managers and accompanying Asst General Managers. All of them just above individual Department managers. The Home Depot At the top of The Home Depot is the Chairman, President and CEO, Robert L. Nardelli. There are eight executive vice presidents and four members of the senior leadership team. These make up the board of directors. The store level structure: Store Manager Assistant Store Managers (Specialty, Operations, Merchandising, Night Ops, Human Resources, and Loss Prevention) Department Supervisors United States Marine Corps The Marine Corps' vertical structure is determined by both the rank one holds or the billet one holds. One can hold a billet over a person of higher rank and still have authority over that person. Each unit has its own horizontal structure. The headquarters section within a unit provides the staff department while the line units provide the line departments. The term line units is even used to show the function of these units to separate the two functions of the units. Jo~Ann Fabrics & Crafts Every Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts traditional and superstores have their own Store Team Leader, Operations Team Leader, Merchandise Team Leader, District Team Leader, and Regional Vice President. This is our horizontal structure (Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, 2005).
Chairman of the Board President CEO Exe. V.P. Chief Financial Officer Exec. V.P. Merchandising/Marketing Exec. V.P. Operations Exec. V.P. Human Resources Exec. V.P. General Counsel & Secretary Marketing JAS has a Merchandise Team Leader. Reports to the Store Team Leader. Responsible for supporting the Store Team Leader in the overall merchandising in the store. Provides leadership to maximize the profitability and sales of the store through the creation of dynamic merchandise presentations. Ensures that company merchandise practices and standards are met throughout the store (Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, 2005). Marketing within the Marine Corps is a recruitment function only to find new employees. Since the Marine Corps does not have customers there is no marketing directed at this region. The Marine Corps does work hard to maintain the organizations image as a premier fighting force in order to maintain the support of the public which can be considered an indirect approach to marketing. Toyota Motor Sales (TMS), U.S.A., Inc. is the marketing, sales, distribution and customer service arm of Toyota, Lexus and Scion in the United States, marketing products and services through a network of 1,422 Toyota, Lexus and Scion dealers in 49 states. Established in 1957, TMS and its subsidiaries also are involved in distribution logistics, motorsports and general aviation. The company's main Web site is http://www.toyota.com/. Finance The Executive Vice President Chief Financial Officer oversees the profits & losses of JAS, comes up with ideas on how to increase revenue, and also allocates how much overtime can be given out based on the financial statistics of the company (Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, 2005). Carol B. Tom is executive vice president, chief financial officer of The Home Depot. She joined the company 1995 and is currently responsible for all corporate finance matters, including financial reporting, financial planning & analysis, financial operations, divisional finance, internal audit, investor relations, treasury and tax. The Marine Corps budget is decided by congress and is allotted to the organization by its parent department the Department of the Navy. This organization does not directly receive funds from congress but extra funds are given to the Navy to support the Marine Corps. California-based Toyota Motor Sales USA and Toyota Financial Services are responsible for US Finance operations. Toyota TFS President George Borst is the Chief Financial officer and CEO. Operations
At JAS, we have an Operations Team Leader. Responsible for the day-today operational activities of the store. Ensures that the front lines (cashier area), office administration, recruiting, interviewing and hiring of store Team Members are conducted in an efficient and professional manner. Reports to the Store Team Leader (Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, 2005). Toyota's operations include: Plastics, Stamping, Body Weld, Paint and Assembly. Each Department operations structure has a Manager, 2 or more Assistant Managers and a varied amount of Production Group Leaders. Each Group Leader has up to five (5) Team Leaders At the Home Depot, Operations goes from the Executive Vice President level down to Operations Assistant Manager at the store level. At the store level the operations departments are receiving, bookkeeping, front end (cashier), computer room, scheduler, and special services. Marine Corps Operations revolve around the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF). The MAGTF contains four elements that directly support one another to to accomplish the mission. The elements are the Command, Ground Combat, Air Combat, and Support elements. Human Resources The Marine Corps fills its ranks by recruiting and training employees in their late teens and early 20's. All employees are promoted from within the organization and even members of the other branches of the Armed Forces are required to start at the bottom if they chose to change branches. At The Home Depot the Human resources manager is the most directly involved person in the hiring of associates. People can apply online or in a store kiosk. Applicants go through an interviewing process, drug and background check. On top of outside hiring, The Home Depot also promotes and hires for other departments from within. At JAS, we have a human resource call center. If you have any questions regarding payroll, benefits, or team member relations, then you just call the number and they can help you with any of these problems (Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts, 2005). At Toyota, Human Resource Center includes employment, Benefits, Payroll, Safety, Learning and Involvement as well a Labor Relations, now called Team Member Relations Employee Comparison
5600 250 90 40 Toyota Home Depot USMC Jo~Ann Departments
8 7 11 90 Toyota Home Depot USMC Jo~Ann Stores/Locations
2000 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Toyota Home Depot Stores USMC Jo~Ann Conclusion Each of the organizations have different structures that reflect the size, mission, and industry of the specific organization. Although the structures may differ the basics are still there. Each organization still has marketing, finance, operations, and human resources departments to fulfill the needs of the organization. The different departments are tailored to fit the needs of the specific organization. Reference Page About Toyota. (2005). Toyota News. Retrieved October 28, 2005, from http://www.toyota.com/about/news/corporate/2005/09/01-1-sales.html Bateman, T., and Snell. (2004). Organizational Structure, Management: The New Competitive Landscape. [University of Phoenix Custom Edition e-text] The McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved on October 28, 2005, from University of Phoenix, Resource, MTG 330- Management: Theory, Practice and Application Course Web site: https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary/content/eReader.h High, J. (1999, August 16). Sewing up a new book market. Publishers Weekly, 246(33), 27. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from ProQuest database. Jo-Ann Fabrics and Crafts. (2005). JAS Jargon. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from http://www.joann.com The Auto Channel. (2005). Toyota Motor Sales USA. Retrieved October 28, 2005, from http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2005/03/31/025541.html The Home Depot. (n.d.). Business Code of Conduct and Ethics. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from http://www.homedepot.com/HDUS/EN_US/corporate/corporate.shtml TOYO LAND. (2005). Toyota assembly and parts plants. Retrieved October 27, 2005, from http://www.toyoland.com/toyota/plants.html ...
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- Spring '05
- Management occupations, United States Marine Corps, vice president, Toyota Motor corporation