Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Final Exam Review some multiple choice...

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Final Exam Review ** some multiple choice but majority is short answer **May 13 th 8:00-10 am Ch. 7, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16 Ch. 7- team dynamics 1. The process of a group becoming a team. (4 stages) a. Forming Team members familiarize themselves with other team members. They engage in social comparisons, and assess one another’s strengths and weaknesses. Individuals try to determine if they belong in the group and, if so, in what role. b. Storming Resistance to the leader, resistance to control by the group, and interpersonal conflict. Animosity and tension among team members may arise as individuals and the leader establish their roles and status within the group. Leaders need to communicate with participants objectively and openly during this stage. c. Norming Hostility is replaced by solidarity and cooperation. Conflicts are resolved, and sense of unity is formed. The athletes work together to reach common goals instead of only looking out for themselves individually. Players strive for economy of effort and talk effectiveness d. Performing Team members come together to channel their energies for team success. The team focuses on problem solving, using group process and relationships to work on tasks and test new ideas. Structural issues are resolved, interpersonal relationships are stabilized, and roles are well defined.
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2. What is group structure? Group composition? a. Group structure depends largely on the interactions of the members—how they perceive one another and what they expect of themselves and each other. b. Group ROLES and NORMS must be developed. Roles: set of behaviors required or expected of a person in a certain position in a group. Formal & Informal Role acceptance a. Important to enhance a group’s structure b. When coaches help players that don’t start or get playing time accept their roles by minimizing the status differences among roles and emphasizing that the success of the team depends on each individual’s contribution. Players perform better when they have responsibility Norms: Prescribed codes of behavior. A level of performance, pattern of behavior, or belief. “rookies” – expected to carry bags for the veterans; norm to indoctrinate new players onto the team. 3. Roles of people on the team a. Formal Roles: dictated by the nature and structure of the organization Team captain, exercise leader b. Informal Roles: evolve from interactions among group members. Enforcer— someone who insures that no teammate gets bullied, hurt, or physically intimidated Mediator— diplomatic player who mediates disputes among teammates or even between a coach and players 4. Positive and negative norms
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a. Positive Norms Imperative for coaches, and team leaders to establish positive norms. Formal and informal leaders of a team need to set positive examples.
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