03 April 2008
Chad is found on the continent of Africa. It is found, landlocked, in northern central
Africa, neighboring Libya in the north, Niger, Nigeria, and Cameroon in the west, Central
African Republic in the south, and Sudan to the east. The topography is more wooded savanna,
steppe, and desert in the south and part of the Sahara desert can be found in the north.
Chad presently has a population of 10.8 million and a total land mass of 1,284,000 sq.
The population is projected to expand to 29.4 million from 2007 to 2050. Chad had a
population change of 173%, a huge increase for a LDC (Less Developed Country), comparing it
to the average of 49%. Chad’s Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is at 47 and its Crude Death Rate (CDR)
is at 16. This is relatively high looking at the LDC’s CBR and CDR of, respectively, 23 and 8.
The CDR is still relatively high and comparing it to the average, I expect the CDR to decrease
with the CBR staying high. With such a high RNI, Chad can be found in the expansive pyramid
which is typical for most LDCs. Chad’s population density is at 8 per sq. km. This is sparse
when looking at the LDC’s average of 65. Additionally, with its population density being so low,
Chad has plenty of room for continual growth. Part of the reason why LDCs have slowly
declining rate of natural increases is due to because many of these countries are overcrowded and
have no more room to house people. With an overcrowded population density, there are
repercussions making surviving that much harder, with jobs being harder to come across, and
there are the same amount of resources available so people must compete vigorously.