5. Selection Assessment_Spring - SELECTION ASSESSMENT I...

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SELECTION ASSESSMENT I Reading: Module 3.3 2/12/2016 1
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Overview Foundations of Assessment What is a test? How to administer tests? Assessment Procedures: Content Assessment Procedures: Method 2
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What is a test? “An objective and standardized procedure for measuring a psychological construct using a sample of behaviors.” (Guion, 1998). E.g., SAT, class exam, drug and alcohol test 3
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What is a test battery? A battery is a collection of tests, usually of different attributes Attributes can be within a single area (e.g., a cognitive battery can have math, reasoning, memory subtests) Attributes can also be from conceptually different areas (e.g., a selection battery can have cognitive ability, personality, and vocational interests subtests) How to combine the information from different tests? Use the average/weighted average scores Use a hurdle system (e.g., set up minimum scores for certain subtests) Use score banding (e.g., grading system: 90-100 A; 80-90 B) 4
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How to administer tests? Speed vs. power tests Group vs. individual tests Nonmanipulative vs. manipulative tests 5
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Speed vs. power tests Speed tests: Give test-takers a time limit when taking a test with easier items Many test-takers will not finish If the time limit is not long enough, the test may be measuring others abilities than the one it is designed to measure Power tests: Although a time limit may still be used, the time is usually sufficient to complete the test Some test-takers will still not finish Designed to assess ability more clearly 6
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Group vs. individual tests Group test : a test that can be administered to large groups Efficient and low cost E.g., Army Alpha test Individual test: a test given on an individual basis Appropriate for assessing an individual’s style E.g., Stanford-Binet test 7
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Nonmanipulative vs. manipulative tests Nonmanipulative tests : a test that requires no manipulation of any objects other than the instrument used to respond E.g., Paper-and pencil test; computer-based test Test takes are asked to choose the correct response or produce a narrative response to the question Manipulative tests: a test that requires test takers to make a response by manipulating a particular physical object E.g., operating a machine; making a salad Also called performance tests 8
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Overview Foundations of Assessment Assessment Procedures: Content KSAOs Ability tests Integrity tests Assessment Procedures: Method 9
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KSAOs K nowledge Knowledge tests: e.g., class exam S kills Performance tests: e.g., assembling a bike A bility Cognitive ability tests: e.g., Wonderlic Personnel Test Physical ability tests: e.g., Purdue Pegboard Dexterity Test O ther Characteristics Self-report Likert scale measures: e.g., integrity tests 10
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Cognitive ability tests 11 Cognitive ability tests always have a correct answer
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Cognitive ability tests 12
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Cognitive ability tests 13
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Physical ability test 14 Purdue Pegboard Dexterity Test https:// =C7Ciu2b0ApQ (1:57)
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  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • Cognitive Ability Tests, assessment procedures, Tailored Adaptive Personality Assessment, Situational Judgement Tests

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