Ch21CUSH - Chapter 21 Introduction Most Americans paid...

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Chapter 21IntroductionMost Americans paid little attention to world affairs in 1900.Foreign affairs were largely left to the president. Congress exerted little influence.Foreign policy from 1901-1920 was aggressive and nationalisticThe war with Spain changed how the US had to operate.The U.S. also looked outward economicallyRoosevelt and “Civilization”Roosevelt favored using American power around the worldRoosevelt believed civilizations were divided between “civilized” and “uncivilized”“Civilized” nations were predominantly white“Uncivilized” nations were generally nonwhiteAccording to Roosevelt, civilized nations were industrialized- they provided rawmaterials and products for marketRoosevelt believed “civilized” nations had the right and duty to intervene in the affairs of“backward nations” to preserve order and stability.Policing the worldProtecting the “Open Door” in AsiaJapan staged an attack on RUssia in Manchuria (China)The Russians were losingRoosevelt mediatedLosing the battle, the Russians had no other option but to accept Japan’s territorial gainsJapan agreed to advance no furtherRoosevelt secretly negotiated a deal with the Japanese that would allow the US to tradefreely within ManchuriaUS-Japanese relations quickly deteriorated as Japan became the most powerful force inAsiaDollar DiplomacyTaft showed little interest in Roosevelt’s vision of world stabilityTaft did share Roosevelt’s economic interests in Latin AmericaPhilander Knox, Taft’s secretary of state, worked to extend America’s investments inLatin AmericaCritics called this Dollar DiplomacyExample: Revolution broke out in Nicaragua. The US sided with the insurgents bysending troops to help.Knox encouraged US banks to offer substantial loans to the new government, thusincreasing Nicaraguan dependence on the US.
Diplomacy and MoralityWilson entered office with little interest in international affairsWilson did establish a military government in the Dominican Republic in 1916 after

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