CH22CUSH - Chapter 22 Introduction The 1920s was a decade...

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Chapter 22IntroductionThe 1920s was a decade of affluence.Time of dramatic social, economic, and political change.America reshaped itself into an urban, industrial consumer oriented society.Technology, Organization, and GrowthManufacturing rose by about 60 percentPer capita income grew by a thirdTechnology partly explained the economic boomThe automobile became one of the most important technological innovations with theassembly lineThe automobile required the demand for suburban housingRadio-transmitting speech and music at long distancesAbout 2 million radios in American homes by the 1920sCommercial aviation: used at first to deliver mailCommercial travel by the 1930sEngineers were working on primitive calculating machinesMIT scientists created the first analogue computer in the 1930sWorkers in an Age of CapitalDespite economic growth, two-thirds of the American people lived at the “minimumcomfort level”Half of these people were poorThe standard of living for many American laborers rose during the 1920sMany employers adopted paternalistic techniquesThese were known as welfare capitalismExample: Henry Ford shortened workweeks, raised wages, and instituted paidvacations

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