Ch19CUSH - Chapter 19 From Crisis to Empire Writing...

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Chapter 19From Crisis to EmpireWriting Assignment #1 pg 517What “moral” crusades did progressives undertake in their efforts to reform the social order?
What explains this loyalty?
Had to make 100,000 appointmentsThe Republican Party under Hayes suffered division.Stalwarts who favored traditional, machine politics v. the Half-Breeds whofavored reform.Both sides wanted more patronage.1880: James A. Garfield (half-breed), president; Chester A. Arthur (Stalwart), vicepresidentGarfield challenged the StalwartsFought with political boss Roscoe Conkling over civil service reformHe was assassinated in July of 1881 by a StalwartArthur, a long time ally of Conkling, defied the Stalwarts and pushed for reformCongress passed the Pendleton Act, which required that some federal jobs be filled bycompetitive written examinations rather than patronage.Cleveland, Harrison, and the TariffGrover Cleveland won the election of 1884.Opposed politicians, pressure groups, and Tammany Hall.Embodied the common view that the federal government could and should do muchQuestioned the wisdom of protective tariffsAsked Congress to reduce tariffDemocrats in the House approvedRepublicans did not and passed their own bill to raise the tariff.

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