Midterm 1 Manasi's Notes

Midterm 1 Manasi's Notes - Midterm 1 Review Notes I...

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Midterm 1: Review Notes I. Ideologies A. Democracy: 3 Theories a. JOHN LOCKE – Liberal Theory of Democracy (1600s) i. Man is good but needs a state because it is beneficial for the welfare of the society and for 3 rd party mediation ii. Individual rights are held in high regard iii. Give up our rights, but to live freely so that our rights of life, property, and belief are met iv. People have the right to intervene in government v. Accountability of government – parliamentary rep vi. Ex: English Democracy, American Revolution b. HOBBES – Conservative Theory of Democracy (15-1600s) i. Man is selfish and there are limited resources, so government must be set up to control anarchy / chaos ii. The government brings ORDER, state is ultimately POWERFUL iii. Give up our rights for the betterment of all iv. No input into the government v. Justifies on Absolute monarchy vi. Ex: English Stuart Restoration (post-civil war) c. ROUSSEAU – Radical Theory of Democracy (1700s) i. Man is good but corrupted by society, but it will make you a better citizen ii. Man can’t make decisions only on reason (effects of external factors)
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Midterm 1 Manasi's Notes - Midterm 1 Review Notes I...

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