Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Properties of the Atmosphere ATOC...

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Chapter 1 – Properties of the Atmosphere ATOC 1050 I. Weather - instantaneous state of the atmosphere A. Atmosphere – thin gaseous envelope that surrounds the Earth 1. Continuous in the horizontal 2. Discontinuous in the vertical a. 90% of mass in approximately first 12km above ground b. Can travel from Denver to Patagonia – no problem c. Harder to go from Denver to top of Long’s Peak d. Why? 3. Composition of the atmosphere: a. 78% nitrogen (N) b. 21% oxygen (O 2 ) c. 1% others such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), ozone (O 3 ), and water vapor d. Also solid particles such as dust and invisible particles called aerosols 4. Layers of the atmosphere: a. Troposphere 1). Tropopause b. Stratosphere 2). Stratopause c. Mesosphere 3). Mesopause d. Thermosphere B. Properties of the atmosphere 1
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1. Temperature - measure of the average speed of the molecules in a substance; a measure of heat energy; measure of the average kinetic energy a. Higher the temperature, faster the molecules move b. * Temperature is the main key to understanding
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This note was uploaded on 06/02/2008 for the course ATOC 1050 taught by Professor Forrest,be during the Spring '06 term at Colorado.

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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Properties of the Atmosphere ATOC...

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