Music notes

Music notes - Chapter 11 3 groups of genres o Instrumental...

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Chapter 11 3 groups of genres: o Instrumental Pieces for large ensembles and pieces for small ensembles or soloist (chamber genres) o Vocal o Music Drama Accelerando - getting faster Ritardando - getting slower Rallentando - getting slower Ritenuto - suddenly slower Metronome- the clicking of which provided for the first time an accurate measure of tempo. o Presto- extremely fast o Allegro- fast o Moderato- moderate o Andante- slower, but still moderate Chapter 12 1700-1800: Encompass two distinct style periods Baroque Era (1700-1750) Classical Era (1800-1850) Baroque Era o Age of Absolutism o Absolute power, divine rights of kings o Monarch had complete control o Extreme wealth and power, luxuries life style o Most music at the time written for wealthy rulers (Church) o Baroque means irregular shaped pearl King Louis XIV o The Sun King o Ruler of France o Model for many other powerful aristocrats o Palace at Versailles Trends o Age of science- explain things without God o Rise of Merchant class-form own culture o Patronage-church and court o Time of contradictions Religions sentiments U.S rise of science, rationality New ideas about government U.S absolute monarchs Baroque Arts o Refinement and Grandiosity o Architecture-ornate, huge, palaces, formal gardens o Painting-large canvases, sharp light/dark contrast, lots of drama o Music-grandiose, elegant, carefully constructed
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Baroque Musical style o Grandiosity-large performing forces, longer pieces o Elegance-ornamented melodies o Construction-carefully crafted, “rules” for form, rhythm Baroque rhythm o One of two extremes o Extremely regular pulse (motor rhythm) Instrumental music o 2 flexible pulse Vocal music mainly Recitative- rhythm follows speech-like patrons Baroque melody o Long complex phrases o Often generated from a motive o Ornamented Improvised by performer o Very repetitive Harmony -beginning of major/minor system Texture - focus on polyphony Form -attention to detail, balances, organized Dynamics - terraces, sudden changes, echo effects Timbre/instrumentation
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  • Spring '08
  • Sonata form, Baroque music, Concerto, Baroque Musical Style, rhythm Baroque rhythm, accompaniment Baroque Genres

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Music notes - Chapter 11 3 groups of genres o Instrumental...

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