Spelling Rules.pinyin - SPELLING RULES JIA Ning Wang...

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SPELLING RULES: JIA Ning & Wang Xiaoxing I. ABBREVIATION: iu=iou ui=uei un=uen II. 1-STEP PINYIN: Do NOT read the initial and the final separately. shi chi shi ri zi ci si yi wu yu ye yue yuan yin yun ying III. TONE MARK RULE: Put the tone mark on the simple vowel that you open your mouth biggest. When you say “a, o, e, i, u, ü” in this order, your mouth is becoming smaller one by one. Ex: huā I EXCEPTION: iu (iu = iou) move the tone mark from “o” to “u” though you open your mouth bigger when you say “i” than you say “u”. Ex: xiù I PS: ui (uei), the fact is one should move the tone mark from e to i, but it still follows the tone mark rule if you just compare u and i. IV. COMPOUND FINALS START WITH i, u and ü When there is NO initial consonant, only simple and compound finals that start with a, o and e can be written as an entire pinyin, simple and compound finals start with i, u and ü CANNOT be written as an entire pinyin.
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