1. What is the difference between civil cases and criminal cases? 2. What are the steps through a civil case? 3. What are the steps through a criminal case?(1) the officer observes the person committing a crime; (2) the officer has probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed by that person; or (3) the officer makes the arrest under the authority of a valid arrest warrant. After the arrest, the police books the suspect. When the police complete the booking process, they place the suspect in custody. If the suspect commited a minor offense, the policy may issue acitation to the suspect with instructions to appear in court at a later date.