Dividing Lines Chapter 3 Notes

Dividing Lines Chapter 3 Notes - Xenophobia intense or...

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Xenophobia - intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries. enfranchisement – the right to vote Attaint – dishonor, tarnish Free labor – became the foundation of Republican ideology in the middle of the nineteenth century. Essentially, a laborer was anyone who worked for himself as opposed to working for another person's profit (slavery). Political Party Stance: Democrats – defenders of both expansive immigration policy and generous naturalization rules. The US – an “asylum of the oppressed of every nation” & fight “every attempt to abridge the privilege of becoming citizens and owners of soil among us.” Republicans – Many attracted to Know-Nothing cause due to perceptions of Irish immigrants as supportive of slavocracy, as wage-earning workers who threatened free labor, as sources of new urban social problems Senator Charles Sumner (R Mass) challenged Know-Nothing movement. “Are you for Freedom, or are you for Slavery?” Missouri Compromise (1820) In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states (admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state). Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) Allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their borders. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Civil War, Demise of Democratic Party, One Party rule: Republican Lincoln: Seward instructed U.S. consular officials in Europe to mass-distribute government- published pamphlets advertising opportunities provided to newcomers by the Homestead Act To ‘industrious” European men “abundant means of support and comfortable homesteads for themselves and their families.”
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  • Fall '14
  • Immigration to the United States, Human migration, European immigration, head taxes

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