Dividing Lines Chapter 4 notes

Dividing Lines Chapter 4 notes - Why is Immigration law is...

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Why is Immigration law is important: 1. “The course and effect of immigration” on our country “involved no less a task than to set down the whole history of the United States.” (p 1) 2. Because of “the capacity of newcomers to dramatically alter the American society that received them” 3. “Nations define themselves through the official selection and control of foreigners seeking permanent residence on their soil.” 4. Immigration law regulates “the size and diversity of the population” 5. privileges “certain visions of nationhood, social order, and international engagement” Overview of Major US Legislation (History): First 100 years unrestricted immigration (need for labor) Periodic acts regulating naturalization 1795 created a five year residency requirement for citizenship 1798 Alien Friends Act and Alien Enemies Act to expel “dangerous” aliens 1808 law forbidding the importation of slaves Growing discontent with unrestricted immigration change in composition Anti-Catholicism (German and Irish) Protestant evangelicals Nativists The Know-Nothing Party Effective on state level but not federal Irish and Germans constituted large voting block The Know Nothing Party: The party's precursor organization, the secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, was formed in New York City in 1849 from the anti-immigrant and anti-Roman Catholic movement, and lodges were soon established in other major cities. Members were instructed to reply to queries about their group with "I know nothing." As its membership and importance grew in the 1850s, the group slowly shed its clandestine character and took the official name American Party. The party called for restrictions on immigration and on naturalized citizenship. Many local and state candidates won offices in the 1852 election, and by 1855 there were 43 Know-Nothing members of Congress. At its 1856 convention the party split over the slavery issue; proslavery advocates left to join the Democrats and antislavery adherents joined the Republicans. By 1859 the party's influence was limited to the border states. Act of 1882 added the exclusion of lunatics, idiots, those likely to become public charges to convicts and prostitutes Act of 1891 added the diseased, paupers and polygamists (forbade advertising to encourage immigration to US) Decade of 1880 most immigrants (72%) were from Northern and Western Europe **1900-10, 71% were Italians, Slavs and Jews considered “inferior” by Anglo-Saxon because: (new immigrants: slow to assimilate, live together in urban or ethnic neighborhoods ) Forces that pressure immigration law: the state (p 5) internal dynamics of the legislative and administrative bodies governing institutions dealing with immigration demographic shifts* (p 6) political rivalries (p 7)
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CHAPTER 3 Constitution: is silent about immigration but, has much to say about the merits of immigration it did empower Congress to establish uniform rules for naturalization
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  • Fall '14
  • Immigration to the United States, Know Nothing

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