ORIGINS OF CANADIAN MAFIA

ORIGINS OF CANADIAN MAFIA - 1 ORIGINS OF CANADIAN MAFIA...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. ORIGINS OF CANADIAN MAFIA Italian organized crime has been active for almost a century in Canada. Members of these crime groups immigrated to Canada after World War II and settled in major urban centres such as Montréal, Toronto and Hamilton (Danis, Module 2, Slide 26). The history of the Canadian mafia is closely linked to its U.S counterparts. There are two major mafia groups, with one of them operating in Montreal and the other in southwestern Ontario. The Sicilian Mafia of Montreal is regarded as the most influential and pervasive criminal organization in the country. In its brief history, the Canadian mafia has established itself as a top organization in Canada’s criminal underworld as it controls most of the international drug trade within the eastern provinces. (Danis, Module 2, Slide 26). The Montreal mafia has very close ties to the New York Bonanno family and was once the Canadian branch and subsidiary of the family. The Montreal organization has, over its history, engaged in gambling rings, corruption and smuggling millions of dollars’ worth of drugs into the US and Canada (Danis, Module 2, Slide 26). Since their breakaway from the Bonanno family, the Montreal mafia has known many ups and downs, from their thriving in the drug industry to the most recent deaths and arrests of the major players in the Montreal mafia family. The Montreal mafias’ future now remains unknown and is in a clear stage of rebuilding. In this essay, I will outline the origins of the Canadian mafia, their roots with Bonanno family of the United States mafia as well as the control exercised by the Bonanno family on the Canadian mafia, and finally I will discuss the future of the Montreal mafia since the many recent arrests and deaths have wiped out its most significant figures. I will start off the essay by discussing the origins and roots of the Canadian mafia, especially relating to the Montreal mafia. The mafia has been operating in Montreal since as early as the 1930’s and at that time, had a working relationship with one of the major mafia families in the United States, the Bonanno family. Joseph Bonanno who was the boss of the family at that time assigned his right hand man, Carmine Galante to establish this relationship with the prominent members of organized crime in Canada (Danis, Module 2, Slide 27). About ten years later, after World War II, the American ports used for smuggling drugs in and out of the country came under continuous scrutiny and surveillance. Galante thought that the port in Montreal could provide an easier route for the smuggling of heroin into the US, without raising any alarms. In the 1950’s, due to the increase in drug traffic coming in the port of Montreal, the city became one of the important points of entry for heroin in North America and was where the heroin passed before being smuggled to New York (Danis, Module 2, Slide 27). By 1956, the Canadian authorities started to crack down on the American involvement in organized crime and the links between the drug smuggling from Canada to the US. To ensure the continuous thriving of their
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern