week 3 - Week 3 Ionian Revolt 499-494 BC Athens Marathon 490 Xerxes 486-465 Hellenic League 480 Thermopylae Leoudas Salamis Platea 479 Golden\/Classical

week 3 - Week 3 Ionian Revolt 499-494 BC Athens Marathon...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Week 3 10/13/15 Ionian Revolt 499-494 BC Athens Marathon 490 Xerxes 486-465 Hellenic League 480 Thermopylae Leoudas Salamis Platea 479 Golden/Classical 479-404 -Ionians had to pay taxes and serve in the army in order for the Persians to leave you alone -Ionians rose up and rebelled against the Persians soon to be known as the Ionian Revolt -Ionians knew the great power of Persia. They knew that if the rebellion were to succeed, they would need help -Ionians sent messengers across the sea to Greece, begging the Greeks to help -The Greeks knew the power of the Persians and did not want to interfere with the power of Persia -they basically told the Ionians good luck but they could not help -one Polis agreed to send help from Athens -sent hoplites and whatnot to help Ionians -the rebellion fails and Persians crushes the Ionians. The ring-leaders of the revolt were executed -Ionians were once again subjects of Persians -fear helped the Persians rule -Darius decides he will punish Athens as well, he wanted to demonstrate that if you rebel or help rebel, you will be punished -Darius gathered an army of 20 thousand soldiers -Darius sends his army into Athen territory, Marathon, 26 miles away from Athens -from Marathon, Persians sends a message to Athens telling them that resistance is fatal. They should just surrender and become Persian subjects -Athens had to decide. They were a polis government so the decision was made by an assembly of citizens -Athenians decided to go to war -those who decide to go to war, also serve in the war. They serve to protect their power in government -the Athenians asked for help but no one wanted to help -even the Spartans turned down their call for help -about 10 Athenian hoplites marched out to Marathon to confront 20 thousand Persians -Persians had an advantage because their numbers were greater than Athenians -490 BC, the battle of Marathon, Athenians defeated the Persian soldiers -about 7 thousand Persians killed and the rest hopped back onto their boats back to Persia
Image of page 1
-Athenians lost 192 men -Athenians won because they had home field advantage, their reasons: their own political power, their land, their families, their homes -the Persian army was not made up of all Persians, they weren’t going to stand up for Persian power -The Athenians used iron armor -the Persian army used iron weapons but did not wear armor. -this is bad for the Persian empire. This defeat makes his empire look weak so he decides to put time into planning a proper invasion of Greece and conquer them once in for all -in 486, Darius died. It would be 10 years before Persians invaded Greece again -Darius’s son, Xerxes takes the thrown and still will execute the invasion of Greece -Xerxes was not a successful military leader. He makes a lot of mistakes, which will help
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 5 pages?

  • Spring '10
  • Santos
  • Battle of Thermopylae, Achaemenid Empire, Greco-Persian Wars, Battle of Plataea, Battle of Salamis, Hoplite

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture