Final research paper (3) - Fekih 1 Kais Fekih Professor...

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Fekih 1Kais FekihProfessor Lara MedinaCourse: Chicanos 445Date: 20/01/2017History Of Chicanos In The United StatesChicano or Chicana is a recognized identity of some Mexican American based in theUnited States. According to analysts, a significant number of Mexican American have used thename Chicano as a description of the people of Mexican origin living in America. Theindividuals have played significant roles to the advancement of California. For instance, thepolarization of class and widening of race resulted in a new set of ethnic groups. In addition,social movements emerged providing a good platform for change. Between the years 1850 and1930, demographic disruption in the United States led to a re-organization of the social order.Consequently, all the recognized social racial groups such as the whites, Indians, Asians, andAmericans were affected. In the 19thand 20thcentury, a large number of immigrants moved tothe United States to find economic opportunities and to escape the negative living conditions intheir home countries.1700s-1900 (Period of Colonization and Exclusion)In the course of 17thcentury, the indigenous population of Mexico declined resulting inconflicts over ministries and ruling of indigenous people. On the contrary, the emerging class ofSpaniards in New Spain began to formulate a unique identity with efforts to control economicactivities in the society. In the 18thCentury, the Bourbon reforms resulted in profound changes inMexico. The Mexicans had settled in California since the 1700’s and were sparsely settled on theranchos.
Fekih 2During the colonial era, America as a nation experienced tremendous immigrationsbetween the 17thand 19thcentury. For instance, many immigrants moved to America in search ofeconomic opportunities while others arrived as pilgrims and in search of religious autonomy.According to Gonzales (118), European workers faced a number of issues such as poor weatherconditions, although the existing sugar companies advanced credit to the German speakinglaborers to ensure that they did not lose their homes and land. On the other hand, a large numberof slaves moved to America to offer cheap labour in agricultural farms owned by the whites(Latino Americans episode 1 n.d). In the year 1882, the government enacted a legislation torestrict the immigration of Chinese to America. In the year 1965, new laws were formulatedending the restrictions in favor of the European immigrants.The minority ideologues have increasingly used the term “colonialism” accounting to thesituation in the United States. Many researchers have made significant attempts to relate the termcolonialism with the political participation of the elites and mass levels. The delineated culturalareas included classic colonialism in New Mexico, conflict colonialism in Texas, and economiccolonialism in California. The proportions of voluntary immigrants and the descendants in thecharter members are some of the factors that distinguish between the three. In addition, the

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Term
Spring
Professor
Buelna
Tags
Mexican American

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