405 Day 2-Personality and Behavior-Jess - Personality and Individual Behavior Personality at Work An Example Steve Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple What

405 Day 2-Personality and Behavior-Jess - Personality and...

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Personality and Individual Behavior
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Personality at Work: An Example Steve Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple What about his personality lead to Apple’s successes?
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What traits would you use to describe Steve Jobs?
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Steve Jobs’ Personality Internal locus of control Belief that he controls events, not vice versa Aggressive, enthusiastic Risk-taking Narcissism Innovative Charismatic
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Learning objectives: To review a model of individual behavior To understand types of behavior that matter in organizations and why we should consider personality To consider the facets or dimensions of personality To gain a deeper understanding of your own personality traits and what you are projecting to others
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A Model of Individual Behavior Individual behavior (Culture, Job Situational Factors (Culture, Job design, Leadership) Values Abilities Personality Perceptions Attitudes Knowledge & Knowledge & Skills Motivation Distal person Proximal person Situation utcomes
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What behaviors do we want? Name some desirable behaviors at work Name some undesirable behaviors at work
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Work Behaviors Job performance Task performance (productivity, creativity, customer service) Contextual performance (helping, loyalty) Counterproductive behaviors Absenteeism, theft, loafing, substance abuse Turnover Safety Compliance : Following safety guidelines Participation: Being proactive and helping others Other Manage stress
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How can managers ensure high levels of these behaviors? Individual behavior (Culture, Job Situational Factors (Culture, Job design, Leadership) Values Abilities Personality Perceptions Attitudes Knowledge & Knowledge & Skills Motivation
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Train: Individual behavior (Culture, Job Situational Factors (Culture, Job design, Leadership) o Values Abilities P Personality o n Perceptions Attitudes Knowledge & Knowledge & Skills Motivation
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Lead Individual behavior (Culture, Job Situational Factors (Culture, Job design, Leadership) PPersonalitya Values Abilities P Personality a lit Perceptions Attitudes Knowledge & Knowledge & Skills Motivation
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SELECT: Individual behavior (Culture, Job Situational Factors (Culture, Job design, Leadership) Personality Values Abilities Personality P Perceptions Attitudes Knowledge & Knowledge & Skills Motivation
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Personality Traits What is a personality trait? Habitual pattern of cognition, affect, behavior Implications for both ability and motivation Enduring: Stable over time Each trait lies on a continuum Many people fall in the middle Judgments are relative Extraverts in business schools Introverts in computer sciences
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What Factors Shape our Personality? Heredity Environment Personality Traits Tabla Rasa Family, Economic status, Country, Education Example: Grandmaster experiment Judit, Susan, Sophia Father trained the girls to become chess Grandmasters Separated twin studies Example: Elyse Schein & Paula Bernstein Different upbringings, education, work Same gestures, speech, love of art movies, edited newspaper in high school and studied film in college
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  • Fall '10
  • D Blackburn
  • Big Five personality traits, neuroticism, Agreeableness

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