#8 Jewish Councils - 8 The structure and the functions of...

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8. The structure and the functions of the Jewish Councils. The similarities and the differences between various countries. The major dilemmas. During World War II, the Germans established Jewish councils, usually called Judenraete (sg., Judenrat). These Jewish municipal administrations were required to ensure that Nazi orders and regulations were implemented. Jewish council members also sought to provide basic community services for ghettoized Jewish populations. The structure of the Jewish councils consisted of: 1. In each community a body representing the Jews will be formed. 2. This representation of the Jews, known as the Judenrat, will consist of 12 Jews in communities with up to 10,000 inhabitants, and in communities with more than 10,000 inhabitants, of 24 Jews, drawn from the locally resident population. The Judenrat will be elected by the Jews of the community. If a member of the Judenrat leaves, a new member is to be elected immediately.3. The Judenrat will elect a chairman and a deputy from among its members.4. 1) After these elections, which
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