Paper 1 - Paper 1 PROFESSOR GEORGE HAYDEN SECTION 26129:...

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Paper 1 PROFESSOR GEORGE HAYDEN SECTION 26129: ZILAN CHEN EALC-110 The Great Tradition October 27 th 2005 Confucius’ Two Students People are always curious about others’ thinking. Very often, people desire to have a grasp of others’ mind in order to benefit themselves. But this is an almost impossible task so far unless you have some supernatural powers that nobody has known of. The essence behind this is our nature. How do we react naturally to issues related to us? What would we think and do? This is an incredibly arguable topic even at the moment when we are a lot more civilized and developed compared to thousands of years ago. Confucius (551-479 B.C.), an educator, an ethical philosopher, and the man of peace, was the first teacher of ethics. He taught culture and most importantly, moral conduct. Confucius contributed a lot to the world of philosophy and the idea of what human beings would do and react naturally and what is right to do. Among all of his students, Mencius and Xunzi and the most famous and outstanding two due to their great thoughts and the vast differentiation of their ideas. It is rare to see such huge extremes developed from one teacher. Mencius said that human nature is kind and peaceful and people are born to be good. His idea of being positive on human nature is mainly based on Confucius’ thoughts. Xunzi, however, believed that people are born evil which is the opposite of the
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Andrew Tsui 8234115011 original idea of Confucius. Though there were two ends coming out of Confucius’ philosophy, both of them are still being respected and the latter one of Xunzi’s in fact had been further developed by his student Han Feizi who was the founder of Legalism. Mencius was a scholar born in the Warring State period but he was not involved in any of the wars at that time. Instead he followed Confucius and became one of his disciples. Mencius “went on traveled from one feudal state to another, speaking to rulers about government, deploring the effects of warfare on people, and plead-situation was determined, yet subtle.” (de Barry 114) Mencius’ idea is similar to Confucius’. He believed in kindness and peacefulness. He
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Paper 1 - Paper 1 PROFESSOR GEORGE HAYDEN SECTION 26129:...

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