Phil Final Outline - Pg 241 1. How does Mengzi argue for...

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1. How does Mengzi argue for his view that human beings are inherently good? How does he account for evil? Mengzi argues that if the sage himself is inherently good, and that all humans have the same nature, thus meaning everyone is inherently good by nature. Mengzi believes that since humans have hearts that they cannot bear to see others suffer o (ren) human heartedness: compassion is the beginning of ren o (yi) rightness: shamefulness is the root of yi; a person who robs or murders another well feel shame and try to repent o (li) propriety: respect; from the beginning you can see the natural respect of parents and elders o (zhi) moral wisdom: knowledge of right and wrong Evil is due to 3 causes o External Circumstances: competition in society encourages greed and selfishness, society is partially responsible for wrong doing and evil in the world o Abandonment of self: instead of allowing the goodness to grow, people tend to turn evil o Failure to nourish feelings and senses: intentions may be good, person is incapable of doing the right things because lack of knowledge 2. Why does Xunzi think that human beings are inclined to evil? How, according to him, does goodness come about? They lack the four virtues claimed by Mengzi
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Phil Final Outline - Pg 241 1. How does Mengzi argue for...

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