Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - Study Guide for Dr. Curry's PSC 2302...

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Study Guide for Dr. Curry's PSC 2302 Comprehensive Final 1. Who is considered the “Father of the Constitution?” James Madison 2. Who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson 3. Who was the first Secretary of the Treasury and proponent of the U.S. Bank? Alexander Hamilton 4. Which English philosopher argued most strongly for natural rights of individuals? John Locke 5. What were the Federalist Papers, and who were the three authors? James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay Provided the best insight into the intentions of the founders 6. What was the Magna Carta? Limited Royal power and was a statement of civil rights Led to constitutional law and influenced the development of the common law 7. What was the outcome of the Missouri Compromise? Prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of 36˚ 30˚ except within the boundary of the proposed state of Missouri 8. Where was sovereignty placed in the Articles of Confederation? The States 9. What was the result of the Great (Connecticut) Compromise? Established the Bicameral Legislature made up of the two houses Representation done based on state population in one house and equal representation in the other 10. Who are the current members of the U.S. Supreme Court? John Roberts John Paul Stevens Antonin Scalia Anthony Kennedy David Souter Clarence Thomas Ruth Bader Ginsburg Stephen Breyer Samuel Alito 11. How does our textbook define constitutionalism? Hint: three part definition. The principle that government should be limited in its scope and functions and accountable for its actions, based on the underlying idea that unlimited governmental power can become corrupt and tyrannical 1. Limited Government – a govt. limited in its power and accountable for its actions (ex: Lord Acton – power corrupts, James Madison – “Checks and Balances). 2. The Rule of Law – the constitution places a “higher law” above the policies of leaders or majorities, leaders must be held accountable to legal principles! 3. Fundamental worth of each individual – rights and liberties accompany each individual 12. How are amendments added to the U.S. Constitution? How many do we have? 27 Amendments total 1. Congress proposes Amendments: both houses must approve by 2/3 vote and then must be ratified by ¾ state legislatures 2. States propose Amendments: has never been used 13. Which case generally is recognized as starting the process of judicial review? Marbury v. Madison 14. The system proposed by Madison to keep power from being concentrated in one place is? Checks and Balances 15. What was the Watergate Affair?
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Revealed the scandal and illegal actions by Nixon and his staff, which led to U.S. v. Nixon , forcing him to release the tapes, and then his resignation 16. What was the significant result of Plessy v. Ferguson ? Upheld the constitutionality of racial discrimination in public accommodations under the
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Final Exam Review - Study Guide for Dr. Curry's PSC 2302...

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