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study guide - 1) Sun Yat-Sen - End of the Qing Dynasty;...

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1) Sun Yat-Sen - End of the Qing Dynasty; formed the formed Revolutionary Alliance, which became the Nationalist Party in 1913. 2) Kaneko Fumiko – (1903 – 1926) anarchist who was arrested and convicted for conspiring against Meiji government. Grew up Korea, moved back to Japan and fell in love with a Korean man. Advocated Korean independence. 3) 1919 – Japanese Rice Riots- farmers protested the export of cheap rice; farmers had to buy expensive rice from Korea. May 4 th Movement in China – to protest the agreements at the end of WWI, in which Japan was able to take over Germany’s imperial interests in China. Chinese wanted their land back because they had participated in the war. Also a movement to question traditional Chinese beliefs, need to reform traditional ideas. Traditional Chinese family system was why Chinese nation was being threatened. Patriarchy, men, only sons inherited. Very large families, often several generations lived together. Attacked concubines, double standard, polygamy. March 1 st Movement - Reaction amongst Korean Nationalists demanding that Japan grants Korea independence, but was crushed. 4) Chen Duxiu – (1910s, 1915 – 1919) New Youth - journal: wanted the youth to be involved in reshaping China. This journal mainly appealed to the youth. Also critiqued old beliefs like Confucianism and those who wished to preserve traditional Chinese beliefs. 5) Hu Shi – (1910s, 1915 – 1919) “plain speech” writing - : Hu realized that the nation had to be united to be powerful, and language is important to unification. Language had been studied only by the elite. 6) Northern Expedition – Used to end the Warlord Period (1916 – 1928). Military expedition; new Nationalist army defeats warlords in South/Central China. Takes over Shanghai. At this point, tension really built up between CP/NP; Once he reached Shanghai, Chiang worked with business leaders and mafia Green Party to purge the CP. Chiang organized attacks against labor unions. 7) Li Dazhao – (1910s, 1915 – 1919) formed the Marxist Research Society: advocated more concrete theories of social change, such as class struggle, based on Bolsheviks Revolution, which he thought would be effective for China. 8) Chongqing – (WWII) New capital for the NP after the Japanese invaded Nanjing. 9) United Front
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This note was uploaded on 06/04/2008 for the course HILD 12 taught by Professor ? during the Spring '08 term at UCSD.

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study guide - 1) Sun Yat-Sen - End of the Qing Dynasty;...

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