note card :) - RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION Period of history known as the Renaissance follows(b the Middle Ages To become known as a patron one must

note card :) - RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION Period of...

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RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION: Period of history known as the Renaissance follows (b) the Middle Ages. To become known as a patron, one must need to be (a) wealthy. Person who produces work in the vernacular is one (a) who writes in their native language. Humanism arose from the study of (c) classical Greek and roman culture. The Renaissance was a period which saw a rise in (a) secularism. The printing press was invented by (b) Johann Gutenberg. The first full size book printed with movable type on the printing press was (b) the bible. Predestination was one of the major doctrines of (b) Calvinism. The term Renaissance means (a) rebirth. The ceiling of the sistine chapel was painted by (c) michelangelo. The following was written as a guide for gaining power and how to keep it (a) The Prince. Renaissance education was characterized by (a) emphasis on developing the complete individual. The split between England and the Catholic Church (b) was due to desire for a male heir. This reformer was excommunicated by Pope Leo X (c) Martin Luther. Which region did the Renaissance begin? (c) Northern Italy. Mona Lisa and the Last Supper were painted by (d) Leonardo Da Vinci. He is sometimes called the father of humanism (b) Petrarch. The word vernacular is used to describe (d) the spoken language of an area. King Henry the VII is famous for starting the (d) Anglican Church. The renaissance was an era of peace without conflict - FALSE. During the Reformation, Catholics and Protestants fought - TRUE. The babylonian captivity strengthened the catholic church by leaving the pope in rome - FALSE. During the Reformation, the pope gained power - FALSE. Humans are the center of the universe and uniquely talented - humanism. Humans could do well at many things “The Renaissance Man” - well rounded. Many Renaissance scholars journeyed from this empire to educate students in Italy - Byzantine. His sculptures were inspired by the human body. Considered the greatest sculpture before Michelangelo - Donatello. Famous Italian family funded and helped the growth of Renaissance art through patronage - De Medici. German leader of the Protestant Reformation - Martin Luther. This protestant reformer establishes his church in Geneva, Switzerland - John Calvin. This Italian city is known as the cultural center of the Renaissance - Florence. This city was the economic center for Renaissance Italy - Venice. SHORT ANSWER: Identify one aspect of humanism - concern for individual personality, fulfillment of talents, recognition of creativity and understanding that we are not just vehicles for God to use. Name one cause of the Renaissance - lessening of feudalism, growth of middle class. Individual who represented the renaissance man - Leonardo da Vinci. List 2/4 main concepts of Machiavelli’s the prince- humans are selfish, don’t trust them all decisions must be made to retain power as a ruler. Name and describe 2 ways the Catholic Church raised funds during the Middle Age/ Renaissance - they collected money for church favors (simony), preoccupation with politics. Arbitrary use of indulgences (selling of pardons for souls in purgatory), church exempt from civil laws. Describe 2 effects of the Reformation - growth in secularism, focus on art and

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