CommunicationsExamReviewsheet1 - communication is cultural communication is relational CHP 1:An overview in communication-Relational perspective based

CommunicationsExamReviewsheet1 - communication is cultural...

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-communication is cultural-communication is relationalCHP 1 :An overview in communication-Relational perspective-- based on belief that communication and relationships are interconnected--Any type of communication you have has an assumed relationship under it--Relationship shared w/ people will influence:-What is communicated-How it is shared-Meanings that developWhat is Communication?-Communication is a transaction of symbols that are influenced, guided and understood in the context of the relationships.-A message is made up of words/symbols that are used to allow one idea/representation stand for something else. Ex: Saying Menu instead of “a list of food we prepare,cook and serve”7 key characteristics of communication:1.Communication is a Symbol2.Communication is a Meaning3.Communication is Cultural4.Communication is Relational5.Communication Involves Frames6.Communication is Both Presentational and Representational7.Communication is a Transaction******************Communication is SYMBOLICA Symbol is arbitrary (random) and represents something else:-Object-Idea-Person/Place-Relationship-A symbol could be a: Anything else that represents something other than itself-Word-Movement-Sound-Picture -Logo
Verbal communication--- languageNonverbal communication-- all other symbols (word,movement, gesture etc…^^)Symbols and signs NOT THE SAME THINGSigns-- indicate SOMETHING SPECIFIC-- can not be changed randomly per personSymbols-- No direct connection to what they represent--randomly selectedex: we call a chair --something we sit on --randomly selected letters c-h-a-i-r-different in differnet languages-symbols can have multiple meanings in the same culture + different culturesCommunication is a MEANING-Symbols convey meaning--- meaning= what a symbol represents---- Social Construction of MeaningSocial construction-- The way symbols take on meaning in a social context or society as they are used over time.-Meanings are recognized by those who have used them overtime----Meaning and Context-A single symbol or message can have multiple meanings when used in dif. contextsPhysical Context of a Symbol-- Actual locationex: “there is a fire” means different things on a campground and in a movie theaterRelational Context of a Symbol-- Relationship shared by the interacting peopleex: “I love you” to a husband or parentSituational Context of a Symbol-- Situation in which a symbol is sharedex: “i love you” during a birthday or during someone on their deathbed----Verbal and Nonverbal Influence on MeaningVerbal+Nonverbal symbols have Denotative and Connotative meanings:** Denotative Meaning-- The commonly understood, widely accepted, PRIMARY MEANINGof a verbal or nonverbal symbolConnotative Meaning-- The meaning provided by SECONDARY ASSOCIATIONS of a verbal or nonverbal symbol.-- IMPLICATIONSD-PrimaryC-Secondary----Communication requires meaning --- Meaning and the Medium-requires verbal+nonverbal meaningMedium is the means through which a message is conveyed
--- medium may impact meaning of the message-Face to face

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