Chapter 15 Notes

Chapter 15 Notes - Chapter 15: Reforging the Union: Civil...

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Chapter 15: Reforging the Union: Civil War 1 I. Mobilizing for War A. Recruitment and Conscription 1. At first, army raising was local w/ elections a. informal/democratic technique conformed to national tradition but war put stress on tradition 2. South a. Confederacy’s Conscription Act 1. opponents say “assault on state sovereignty” b. Draft stimulated volunteering c. Required all soldiers to stay in army for whole war 1. new factories eliminated problem 1. bad railroads 2. tobacco/cotton not farming society 3. Union livestock invasions 3. North b. Enrollment Act of 1863: every able bodied male 1. Enrollment districts w/ quotas 3. Democrats view it as violation of personal liberties B. Financing the War 1. Both sides show little enthusiasm for raising taxes 2. Both sides turn to war bonds 3. Both sides begin to print paper money a. 1862: Lincoln’s Legal Tender Act 4. North makes p.m. legal; South doesn’t 5. South: a. paper money plummets in value: Inflation! 6. North: a. Republicans advocate National Bank Act of 1863 b. Has more experience in public finance C. Political Leadership in Wartime 1. J.D. of South is viewed as a stronger leader than Abe 2. Democrats want to conscription, bank, or abolition of slavery 3. Abe has trouble collecting respect from Republicans a. opponents are Rep. Radicals 4. Union has cohesion b/c it managed divisions better 5. Abe combats criticism with surprise anecdotes a. JD makes enemies w/ sharp tongue 6. South agrees to suspend political rivalries, encouraged more disunity a. Davis couldn’t mobilize behind party 7. Democratic opposition to Lincoln unifies Republicans
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Chapter 15: Reforging the Union: Civil War 2 D. Securing the Union’s Borders 1. Lincoln moves to safeguard DC 2. Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus in MD 3. Lincoln authorizes the arming of Unionists in KY 4. By holding for border slave states, Lincoln gains access to river systems a. MD, DE, KY, MO 5. Merryman (1861) a. Taney rules Lincoln’s declaration of suspension of habeas corpus unconstitutional II. In Battle: 1861-1862 a. advantages shrink 2. South has home field advantage 4. Perfection of bullet in 1850s has huge impact a. Pose challenge to accepted military tactics 1. difficulty getting close enough for hand to hand combat b. Both sides discover value of trenches c. Rifles reduce effectiveness of cavalry 6. Surprise attack is widely used (didn’t always go as planned) 7. Anaconda Plan (1861): by General Winfield Scott B. Stalemate in the East 1. First Battle of Bull Run
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Chapter 15 Notes - Chapter 15: Reforging the Union: Civil...

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