Chapter 16: The Crises of Reconstruction, 1865-1877 A. Black Institutions 1. Freed blacks’ desire for independence led to postwar black churches a. African Methodist Episcopal church a. ministers were pillars of authority within black communities 3. Blacks began to organize their own schools to promote literacy, esp. in children a. Freedmen’s Bureau supervised schools 4. Freedmen’s Bureau & American Missionary Association helped to found Howard, Atlanta, and Fisk universities (1866-67) and Hampton Institute (1878) 7. Congress enacted Civil Rights Act of 1875 to honor Charles Sumner a. included many ideas from his program except for school integration b. invalidated by Supreme Court in 1883 8. Whites believed social equality would lead to intermarriage
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Burke during the Spring '08 term at New Hampshire.