10.1africa - 10.1. Heyday of Imperialism: The Scramble for...

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10.1. Heyday of Imperialism: The Scramble for Africa
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Era of “High Imperialism,” 1870-1914 All of Af, SEA, South Pacific colonized. Commerce, Civ, Christianity, Conquest Pre-1880 10% of Africa--coast W. Africa, S. Africa, Geog, Biology, technology: interior S. of Sahara inaccessible to Eus until late 19 th c --restricted to coastal enclaves; diseases (eg malaria; quinine mid-19th, its source determined by late 19th) to wh Eus had no immunities; “tools of empire”-- steamships, Maxim Gun--Battle of Obdurman (20 Br, 10,000 Sudanese casualties) Competition among Eu nations--newly created or unified states (Italy, Belgium, Ger) acquired colonies for first time; Fr-Br rivalry; organ into grand alliances Ideology: Social Darwinism “survival of the fittest”; virtue vs sloth; “civilizing mission,” rise of natlism, racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism Rise of globalized ec w center in Eu-- industrialization made Eu powerful
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Source: http://www.yorku.ca/anderson/geog2060_2002/2020%2002%20Geosophy%20etc/sld051.htm
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course SIS 200 taught by Professor Anandyang during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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10.1africa - 10.1. Heyday of Imperialism: The Scramble for...

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