Unformatted text preview: Lecture 19: Triumphalism and the 1990s
May 12, 2008 What now? Remake the world--again We won! Or they lost? Failure of Soviet political model Failure of empire Failure of Soviet economic model The End of History? Stifle competition Misallocate resources Francis Fukuyama (1989) Western liberal democracy as "the final form of human government" End of largescale conflict involving large states Criticism: Is liberal democracy really inevitable, or dependent on conditions? Attraction of US system depends on attraction of US US power Twice this century, out of the horrors of war hope emerged for enduring peace. Twice before, those hopes proved to be a distant dream, beyond the grasp of man. Until now, the world we've known has been a world divided a world of barbed wire and concrete block, conflict and cold war. Now, we can see a new world coming into view. A world in which there is the very real prospect of a new world order. In the words of Winston Churchill, a "world order" in which "the principles of justice and fair play ... protect the weak against the strong ..." A world where the United Nations, freed from cold war stalemate, is poised to fulfill the historic vision of its founders. A world in which freedom and respect for human rights find a home among all nations. Bush's "New World Order" Multilateralism Integrate eastern bloc into multilateral institutions Unite Germany, expand NATO NATO Expansion Why Expand NATO?
Incentives for excommunist bloc Security against revanchist Russia? Symbolism Because it was there Dealing with emerging threats Problem? Russia not happy Multilateralism Integrate eastern bloc into multilateral institutions Unite Germany, expand NATO New trade agreements: APEC, NAFTA, WTO What APEC is Really About Peace Dividends US defense cuts Proliferation of democracies End of (some) 3rd world civil wars End of apartheid (1994) IsraeliPalestinian Peace Process The Clinton Era (19922000) Continuation of multilateralism Optimism Unprecedented growth (US grew 27% 199098) Focus on economics, unfocused foreign policy Dark clouds on the horizon (rogue states, civil wars, AIDS in Africa) Democrats: peace, prosperity, US soft power Republicans, 2008: 19922000= "holiday from history" Future historians: The limbo period sandwiched between the Cold War and Terror War ...
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