ISSUES - THEMES AND ISSUES Rise of states and capitalism...

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THEMES AND ISSUES Rise of states and capitalism Development of major civilizations and cultures and their increasing interactions thru economic, political, social, cultural, and religious contacts and exchanges. Differential rates of development and growth of different regions and societies; important to underscore that changes resulted from increasing interactions among different areas. “Worlds Together, Worlds Apart”: notion that there was both interconnection and divergence. Periodization. Three discrete periods--1300-1450, which continued trends that began earlier; 1450-1750, the early modern period; and 1750-1914, the so-called long nineteenth century
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The World, 1300-1450 A Time of “Crises and Recovery in Eurasia” Emergence of World Religions—Christianity earlier in this period, Islam beginning around 600 CE; Era of Regional Fragmentation but also of Growing Contacts Americas—Mayans, Aztecs, Incans East Asia—Song, Yuan, and early Ming empires Europe—the world of Christendom, divisions between Rome and Constantinople Middle East (and beyond)—dar al-Islam extended from Spain to India and China although core area in Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia South Asia—world of Indian Ocean, of emerging Muslim kingdoms Growing trade and exchanges across different regions: Abu Lughod’s world system 1250-1350 that existed before European hegemony (European, Mideast, Asian); only the Americas cut off from Afro Eurasia; trading networks also existed in sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas The Mongol Empire in 12th and 13th centuries extended from Russia to China enhancing trans-regional exchanges. Black Death and Demographic Effects World as seen through the eyes of Marco Polo (1254-1324) and Ibn Battuta (1304-69)
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EARLY MODERN WORLD, 1450-1750 A time of new power alignments as West emerged but not to hegemonic position. Still had to contend with land based empires in Asia and eastern Europe. Europe’s ascendary based in part on its naval power, new sailing ships, navigational devices and ships’ cannons allowed it to dominate sea routes and conquer many islands and ports. But land empires—Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid, Chinese, and Russian empires—able to keep Western Europe away. Also Japan and its growing unification and strong African kingdoms able to resist western intrusion. Decline of Mughal Empire in late 17th century and involvement of sub-Saharan Africa in new world economy and slave trade particularly had huge economic impact, not to say immense human suffering. Development of a world economy supported by new military and shipping technology. Trade and transportation technology.
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course SIS 200 taught by Professor Anandyang during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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ISSUES - THEMES AND ISSUES Rise of states and capitalism...

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