week5 - Gunpowder Empires: Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid,...

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Gunpowder Empires: Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid, Russian, Ming-Qing Week 5
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Major Trends, 1500-1800 Emergence of New Empires and Large States--gunpowder empires used naval and land based cannons to centralize control. Ref. originally to empires in Islamic world where artillery & other firearms had wide socl and pol consequences. Acquisition and mainte. of guns reqd. highly developed govt admin & extensive financial resources. Use of gunpowder tended to produce highly centralized govts. that could buy large quantities of tin and copper, mnfctre weapons, and train soldiers in use of firearms. Maritime tech., navigation; cannons on ships Integration of a global system of trade and exchange Columbian Exchange Regional transformations-- Eu’s emergence
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Empires and States, 1500-1800 Portuguese Empire in decline in 17th century Spanish empire in Americas but weakened in Eu by end of 17th century (Treaty of Pyrennes 1659; War of Spanish Succession 1701-14) Gunpowder Empires: Ottoman, 1300-1922; Mughal 1526-1707; Safavid Empire 1501-1722--Shi’ite Islam Russian Empire, 1462-1725; Ming-Qing Empire, 1368-1911 Dutch, British, French Other--Eurasia, Southeast Asia, West Africa End of empire of the steppes and of Aztec, Inca; Centl Asia taken over by China and Russia
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Gunpowder Empires Greater range of Afroeurasian  gunpowder empires i.e., power  based on cannons and muskets  in 15 th  and 16 th  centuries, in  controlling subjects and taxes “direct taxation” Better organized than earlier  tribute-based empires
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Islamic Empires o In the wake of spread of Islam across C. Asia, India, Africa-- much larger area than Christian Europe o At its height in 16th and 17th centuries; in retreat after that because of rise of western Eu powers o All descended from Turkish or Mongol o Ottoman around Mediterranean, Mughal in N. India and Safavid in Persia o Sophisticated cultures o o Formidable Islamic presence around the world Bismillah
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WORLD
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week5 - Gunpowder Empires: Ottoman, Mughal, Safavid,...

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