week7.2ppt - Lecture XVII: The Industrial Revolution Not a...

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Lecture XVII: The Industrial Revolution Not a single event, a process, a transformation over extended period of time, beg. late 18 th -c Britain. Associated with ec and technological changes but much more—social changes: labor, family struc, consumption, social structure Britain lst, then W Europe (Belgium and France in 1820s), followed by U.S. and Germany, and then worldwide. Key features: transformation of technology based on new sources of power; new ec & labor organ because of factory system; ascendancy of manufacturing over agric Landes definition: “(1) the substitution of machines-- rapid, regular, precise, tireless—for human skill and effort; (2) the substitution of inanimate for animate sources of power . . . and (3) the use of new and far more abundant raw materials, in particular, the substitution of mineral, and eventually artificial, material for vegetable or animal substances.” “[T]hese substitutions made the Industrial Revolution.” From agricultural and rural ec to capitalist and urban ec, Revolutionized human access to means of life by extending human control over the environment. As transformative as the Neolithic Revolution? Ushered in “the Great Discontinuity”—bwn old world of slow ec change and enduring socl orders and new world of rapid growth and rising personal incomes? Krupp
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Causes of Western Industrialization Britain lst in late 18th & early 19th c Key conditions: capital, labr supply, new market demand, inventions; increase in food productn, urbanization; rise of middle classes; access to raw materials, availability of natural resources; transportation; colonies Crises of late 18th century
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course SIS 200 taught by Professor Anandyang during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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week7.2ppt - Lecture XVII: The Industrial Revolution Not a...

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