week7.1ppt - Week 7: Revolutions in the Atlantic,...

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Week 7: Revolutions in the Atlantic, Industrialization, and Nationalism in Europe
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1750-1914, THE LONG 19 TH CENTURY Pol and Socl Revolutions in late 18 th -19th c. Am, Fr, Haitian, and subsequent rise of independence movements in L. America. Shaped by Scientific Revoltn and Enlightenment ideas. Effects included rise of nationalism and natn states as pol unit for Western industrial and industrializing states. Also shift from monarchies in late 18th century to parliamentary and dem forms of govt. Yet even as these “dem revolutions” occurred, maj of world’s people excluded from benefits Changing gender relations. Industrial Revolution beginning late 18th century. Characterized by expansion of manufacturing, rise of new inventions and technology, pop growth. Led to change in balance of power as maj industrial and industrializing regions gained upper hand, e.g., modest Fr expeditionary force seized Egypt from Muslim rulers in 1798, or Br control over S. Asia in 19th c, or ‘opening’ up Chi,; or industrial north prevailing over slaveholding south in U.S., or W. takeover of Africa at end of 19th c, or Japan’s victory over Russia in 1904-5. Industrialization led to more massive armaments. Environmental effects; exacerbated social and ec inequalities between and among regions and within regions. Led to economic and social transformation. Emergence of US, Ger; Russia. Growth of international alliances and organizations. Rise of West. Growing W imperialism, esp. European. Incorporation of most of world into orbit of West. Western hegemony in many forms: ec, pol, military, socl, cultural, and intellectual. No land empires, as in 1450-1750 period, that could resist W penetration. W hegemony took form of formal empires, e.g., scramble for Africa; increasing commercial penetration of empires that were not formally taken over, e.g., Ottoman and Chi empires. Leaders and socs world over had to contend with the spread of W institutions and values. Variety of indigenous responses and initiatives. States and capitalism came of age, specifically nation states and industrial capitalism World War I: massive internal warfare. Long 19th century set the stage for our contemporary world (SIS 201).
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REVOLUTIONS IN THE TRANSATLANTIC WORLD Political and social revolutions one of the “twin upheavals” or “dual revolutions” that transformed world; the other ec, technological, and social. Pol and socl revolution emphasized secular over otherworldly source of authority; rejected divine right of rulers, encouraged growth of business and industry for private profit; influenced new level of mil mobilization and destruction.   Revolution in the Americas and Europe, 1766-1820s.
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This note was uploaded on 06/05/2008 for the course SIS 200 taught by Professor Anandyang during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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week7.1ppt - Week 7: Revolutions in the Atlantic,...

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